Calculated Mean Content Values

Units Average Min Max Standard Deviation
mg/100 g FW 3.13 0.10 11.20 4.96
mol/100 g 8.58e-06 2.74e-07 3.07e-05 1.36e-05

Values calculated by aggregating data from 5 different samples from 5 unique publications.

Aglycone Mean Content Values

Aglycone Units Average Min Max Standard Deviation
Secoisolariciresinol mg/100 g FW 3.13 0.10 11.20 4.96
mol/100 g 8.58e-06 2.74e-07 3.07e-05 1.36e-05

Original Content Values Used to Produce Means

Penalvo J.L., Haajanen K.M., Botting N., Adlercreutz H. (2005) Quantification of lignans in food using isotope dilution gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 53:9342-9347 PubMed (16302745)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
0.11 mg/100 g FW Kiwi - Actinidia chinensis Planchon no 1
Milder I.E.J., Arts I.C.W., Van de Putte B., Venema D.P., Hollman P.C.H. (2005) Lignan contents of Dutch plant foods: a database including lariciresinol, pinoresinol, secoisolariciresinol and matairesinol. British Journal of Nutrition 93:393-402 PubMed (15877880)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
11.20 mg/100 g FW Kiwi (Actinidia chinensis Planch.) yes 3
Kuhnle G.G.C., Dell'Aquila C., Aspinall S.M., Runswick S.A., Joosen A.M.C.P., Mulligan A.A., Bingham S.A. (2009) Phytoestrogen content of fruits and vegetables commonly consumed in the UK based on LC-MS and 13C-labelled standards. Food Chemistry 116:542-54
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
0.10 mg/100 g FW Kiwi, skin removed no 5
Penalvo J.L., Adlercreutz H., Uehara M., Ristimaki A., Watanabe S. (2008) Lignan content of selected foods from Japan. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 56:401-09 PubMed (18163563)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
0.10 mg/100 g FW Kiwifruit, peeled, raw no 1
Valsta L.M., Kilkkinen A., Mazur W., Nurmi T., Lampi A.M., Ovaskainen M.L., Korhonen T., Adlercreutz H., Pietinen P. (2003) Phyto-oestrogen database of foods and average intake in Finland. British Journal of Nutrition 89:S31 PubMed (12725654)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
0.17 mg/100 g FW Kiwi no 1