Calculated Mean Content Values

Units Average Min Max Standard Deviation
mg/100 g FW 0.05 1.00e-03 0.20 0.08
mol/100 g 1.43e-07 2.74e-09 5.47e-07 2.21e-07

Values calculated by aggregating data from 6 different samples from 6 unique publications.

Aglycone Mean Content Values

Aglycone Units Average Min Max Standard Deviation
Secoisolariciresinol mg/100 g FW 0.05 1.00e-03 0.20 0.08
mol/100 g 1.43e-07 2.74e-09 5.47e-07 2.21e-07

Original Content Values Used to Produce Means

Penalvo J.L., Haajanen K.M., Botting N., Adlercreutz H. (2005) Quantification of lignans in food using isotope dilution gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 53:9342-9347 PubMed (16302745)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
1.00e-03 mg/100 g FW Tomato - Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. no 1
Milder I.E.J., Arts I.C.W., Van de Putte B., Venema D.P., Hollman P.C.H. (2005) Lignan contents of Dutch plant foods: a database including lariciresinol, pinoresinol, secoisolariciresinol and matairesinol. British Journal of Nutrition 93:393-402 PubMed (15877880)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
0.20 mg/100 g FW Tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.) yes 3
Kuhnle G.G.C., Dell'Aquila C., Aspinall S.M., Runswick S.A., Joosen A.M.C.P., Mulligan A.A., Bingham S.A. (2009) Phytoestrogen content of fruits and vegetables commonly consumed in the UK based on LC-MS and 13C-labelled standards. Food Chemistry 116:542-54
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
4.00e-03 mg/100 g FW Tomato no 5
Thompson L.U., Boucher B.A., Liu Z., Cotterchio M., Kreiger N. (2006) Phytoestrogen content of foods consumed in Canada, including isoflavones, lignans, and coumestan. Nutrition and Cancer 54:184-201 PubMed (16898863)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
1.20e-03 mg/100 g FW Tomato, red, raw yes 1
Penalvo J.L., Adlercreutz H., Uehara M., Ristimaki A., Watanabe S. (2008) Lignan content of selected foods from Japan. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 56:401-09 PubMed (18163563)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
3.00e-03 mg/100 g FW Tomtatoes, raw, removing pod no 1
Kuhnle G.G.C., Dell'Aquila C., Aspinall S.M., Low Y.-L., Kussmaul M., Bingham S.A. (2007) Extraction and quantification of phytoestrogens in foods using automated solid-phase extraction and LC/MS/MS. Analytical Chemistry 79:9234-9239 PubMed (17975893)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
3.05e-03 mg/100 g FW Tomato, raw no 1