Calculated Mean Content Values

Units Average Min Max Standard Deviation
mg/100 g FW 0.14 5.10e-03 0.50 0.20
mol/100 g 3.73e-07 1.40e-08 1.37e-06 5.37e-07

Values calculated by aggregating data from 6 different samples from 6 unique publications.

Aglycone Mean Content Values

Aglycone Units Average Min Max Standard Deviation
Secoisolariciresinol mg/100 g FW 0.14 5.10e-03 0.50 0.20
mol/100 g 3.73e-07 1.40e-08 1.37e-06 5.37e-07

Original Content Values Used to Produce Means

Milder I.E.J., Arts I.C.W., Van de Putte B., Venema D.P., Hollman P.C.H. (2005) Lignan contents of Dutch plant foods: a database including lariciresinol, pinoresinol, secoisolariciresinol and matairesinol. British Journal of Nutrition 93:393-402 PubMed (15877880)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
0.50 mg/100 g FW Strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) yes 3
Kuhnle G.G.C., Dell'Aquila C., Aspinall S.M., Runswick S.A., Joosen A.M.C.P., Mulligan A.A., Bingham S.A. (2009) Phytoestrogen content of fruits and vegetables commonly consumed in the UK based on LC-MS and 13C-labelled standards. Food Chemistry 116:542-54
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
7.00e-03 mg/100 g FW Strawberries no 5
Thompson L.U., Boucher B.A., Liu Z., Cotterchio M., Kreiger N. (2006) Phytoestrogen content of foods consumed in Canada, including isoflavones, lignans, and coumestan. Nutrition and Cancer 54:184-201 PubMed (16898863)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
5.10e-03 mg/100 g FW Strawberry, raw yes 1
Penalvo J.L., Adlercreutz H., Uehara M., Ristimaki A., Watanabe S. (2008) Lignan content of selected foods from Japan. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 56:401-09 PubMed (18163563)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
0.05 mg/100 g FW Strawberries, raw no 1
Kuhnle G.G.C., Dell'Aquila C., Aspinall S.M., Low Y.-L., Kussmaul M., Bingham S.A. (2007) Extraction and quantification of phytoestrogens in foods using automated solid-phase extraction and LC/MS/MS. Analytical Chemistry 79:9234-9239 PubMed (17975893)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
6.57e-03 mg/100 g FW Strawberry, raw no 1
Smeds A.I., Eklund P.C., Willför S.M. (2012) Content, composition, and stereochemical characterisation of lignans in berries and seeds. Food Chemistry 134:1991-1998 PubMed (23442648)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
0.04 mg/100 g FW Strawberries no 1