Calculated Mean Content Values

Units Average Min Max Standard Deviation
mg/100 g FW 3.60e-03 0.00 1.00e-02 5.29e-03
mol/100 g 1.00e-08 0.00 2.79e-08 1.48e-08

Values calculated by aggregating data from 3 different samples from 3 unique publications.

Aglycone Mean Content Values

Aglycone Units Average Min Max Standard Deviation
Pinoresinol mg/100 g FW 3.60e-03 0.00 1.00e-02 5.29e-03
mol/100 g 1.00e-08 0.00 2.79e-08 1.48e-08

Original Content Values Used to Produce Means

Penalvo J.L., Haajanen K.M., Botting N., Adlercreutz H. (2005) Quantification of lignans in food using isotope dilution gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 53:9342-9347 PubMed (16302745)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
8.00e-03 mg/100 g FW Kiwi - Actinidia chinensis Planchon no 1
Milder I.E.J., Arts I.C.W., Van de Putte B., Venema D.P., Hollman P.C.H. (2005) Lignan contents of Dutch plant foods: a database including lariciresinol, pinoresinol, secoisolariciresinol and matairesinol. British Journal of Nutrition 93:393-402 PubMed (15877880)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
0.00 mg/100 g FW Kiwi (Actinidia chinensis Planch.) yes 3
Penalvo J.L., Adlercreutz H., Uehara M., Ristimaki A., Watanabe S. (2008) Lignan content of selected foods from Japan. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 56:401-09 PubMed (18163563)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
0.01 mg/100 g FW Kiwifruit, peeled, raw no 1