Calculated Mean Content Values

Units Average Min Max Standard Deviation
mg/100 g FW 0.70 1.90e-03 1.40 0.70
mol/100 g 1.96e-06 5.30e-09 3.91e-06 1.95e-06

Values calculated by aggregating data from 4 different samples from 4 unique publications.

Aglycone Mean Content Values

Aglycone Units Average Min Max Standard Deviation
Pinoresinol mg/100 g FW 0.70 1.90e-03 1.40 0.70
mol/100 g 1.96e-06 5.30e-09 3.91e-06 1.95e-06

Original Content Values Used to Produce Means

Penalvo J.L., Haajanen K.M., Botting N., Adlercreutz H. (2005) Quantification of lignans in food using isotope dilution gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 53:9342-9347 PubMed (16302745)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
5.00e-03 mg/100 g FW Tomato - Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. no 1
Milder I.E.J., Arts I.C.W., Van de Putte B., Venema D.P., Hollman P.C.H. (2005) Lignan contents of Dutch plant foods: a database including lariciresinol, pinoresinol, secoisolariciresinol and matairesinol. British Journal of Nutrition 93:393-402 PubMed (15877880)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
1.40 mg/100 g FW Tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.) yes 3
Thompson L.U., Boucher B.A., Liu Z., Cotterchio M., Kreiger N. (2006) Phytoestrogen content of foods consumed in Canada, including isoflavones, lignans, and coumestan. Nutrition and Cancer 54:184-201 PubMed (16898863)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
1.90e-03 mg/100 g FW Tomato, red, raw yes 1
Penalvo J.L., Adlercreutz H., Uehara M., Ristimaki A., Watanabe S. (2008) Lignan content of selected foods from Japan. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 56:401-09 PubMed (18163563)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
0.01 mg/100 g FW Tomtatoes, raw, removing pod no 1