Calculated Mean Content Values

Units Average Min Max Standard Deviation
mg/100 ml 0.08 0.00 1.04 0.22
mol/100 ml 4.14e-07 0.00 5.36e-06 1.14e-06

Values calculated by aggregating data from 34 different samples from 7 unique publications.

Aglycone Mean Content Values

Aglycone Units Average Min Max Standard Deviation
Ferulic acid mg/100 ml 0.08 0.00 1.04 0.22
mol/100 ml 4.14e-07 0.00 5.36e-06 1.14e-06

Original Content Values Used to Produce Means

Robbins R.J., Bean S.R. (2004) Development of a quantitative high-performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array detection measurement system for phenolic acids. Journal of Chromatography A 1038:97-105 PubMed (15233525)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
0.18 mg/100 ml Red wine - Vendor "Sutter Home" - USA - Zinfandel 1999 yes 6
0.05 mg/100 ml Red wine - Vendor "Vendange" - USA - Merlot 2000 yes 3
0.02 mg/100 ml Red wine - Vendor "Gallo" - USA - Merlot 2001 yes 3
0.03 mg/100 ml Red wine - Vendor "Ch√Ęteau Montet" - France - Bordeaux 2001 yes 3
Rodriguez-Delgado M.A., Gonzalez-Hernandez G., Conde-Gonzalez J.E., Perez-Trujillo J.P. (2002) Principal component analysis of the polyphenol content in young red wines. Food Chemistry 78:523-532
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
0.07 mg/100 ml Spanish red wine - South Tenerife Island - Abona - Listan Negro 1999 yes 5
0.04 mg/100 ml Spanish red wine - South Tenerife Island - Valle de Guimar - Listan Negro 1999 yes 9
0.06 mg/100 ml Spanish red wine - North Tenerife Island - Valle de la Orotava - Listan Negro 1999 yes 11
0.04 mg/100 ml Spanish red wine - North Tenerife Island - Tacoronte-Acentejo - Listan Negro 1999 yes 13
0.08 mg/100 ml Spanish red wine - North Tenerife Island - Ycoden Daute Isora - Listan Negro 1999 yes 11
0.05 mg/100 ml Spanish red wine - Lanzarote Island - Listan Negro 1999 yes 6
Rodriguez-Delgado M.A., Malovana S., Perez J.P., Borges T., Montelongo F.J.G. (2001) Separation of phenolic compounds by high-performance liquid chromatography with absorbance and fluorimetric detection. Journal of Chromatography A 912:249-257 PubMed (11330794)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
0.06 mg/100 ml Spanish red wine 1 - Canary Islands yes 1
0.06 mg/100 ml Spanish red wine 2 - Canary Islands yes 1
0.07 mg/100 ml Spanish red wine 3 - Canary Islands yes 1
0.07 mg/100 ml Spanish red wine 4 - Canary Islands yes 1
0.05 mg/100 ml Spanish red wine 5 - Canary Islands yes 1
Kilinc E., Kalkan H. (2003) High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of some phenolic acids of Turkish commercial wines: an electrochemical approach. Journal of Wine Research 14:17-23
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
0.24 mg/100 ml Red wine 1 - Turkey - Ankara - Carignane - 2000 yes 1
0.03 mg/100 ml Red wine 2 - Turkey - Mersin - Kalecik Karasi - 2000 yes 1
0.32 mg/100 ml Red wine 3 - Turkey - Izmir (Menderes) - Grenache - 2000 yes 1
0.17 mg/100 ml Red wine 4 - Turkey - Izmir (Cesme) - Merlot - 1999 yes 1
0.83 mg/100 ml Red wine 5 - Turkey - Denizli - Calkarasi - 2000 yes 1
1.04 mg/100 ml Red wine 6 - Turkey - Izmir (Cesme) - Carignane - 1999 yes 1
2.10e-03 mg/100 ml Red wine 7 - Turkey - Ankara - Kalecik Karasi - 2000 yes 1
6.30e-03 mg/100 ml Red wine 8 - Turkey - Elazig - Okuzgozu/Bogazkere - 1998 yes 1
0.02 mg/100 ml Red wine 9 - Turkey - Denizli - Cabernet Sauvignon - 1998 yes 1
2.50e-03 mg/100 ml Red wine 10 - Turkey - Denizli - Carignane - 2000 yes 1
0.00 mg/100 ml Red wine 11 - Turkey - Diyarbakir - Okuzgozu - 1999 yes 1
0.00 mg/100 ml Red wine 12 - Turkey - Denizli - Horozkarasi - 1999 yes 1
5.10e-03 mg/100 ml Red wine 13 - Turkey - Izmir and Elazig - Okuzgozu/Bogazkere/Carignane - 2000 yes 1
La Torre G.L., Saitta M., Vilasi F., Pellicano T., Dugo G. (2006) Direct determination of phenolic compounds in Sicilian wines by liquid chromatography with PDA and MS detection. Food Chemistry 94:640-650
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
0.07 mg/100 ml Red wine - Nero d'Avola - Sicile - 2002 yes 11
0.03 mg/100 ml Red wine - Merlot - Sicile - 2002 yes 5
0.10 mg/100 ml Red wine - Cabernet, Syrah, Petit-Verdot - Sicile - 2002 yes 6
Jandera P., Skerikova V., Rehova L., Hajek T., Baldrianova L., Skopova G., Kellner V., Horna A. (2005) RP-HPLC analysis of phenolic compounds and flavonoids in beverages and plant extracts using a CoulArray detector. Journal of Separation Science 28:1005-1022 PubMed (16013828)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
0.03 mg/100 ml Red wine - St Lawrence 2002 - Moravian - Czech Republic yes 1
0.04 mg/100 ml Red wine - Ruland Blue 2002 - Moravian - Czech Republic yes 1
Hernandez-Borges J., Borges-Miquel T., Gonzalez-Hernandez G., Rodriguez-Delgado M.A. (2005) Rapid separation of antioxidants in food samples by coelectroosmotic CE. Chromatographia 62:271-276
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
0.06 mg/100 ml Red wine yes 1