Calculated Mean Content Values

Units Average Min Max Standard Deviation
mg/100 ml 215.48 73.59 417.70 65.22
mol/100 ml 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Values calculated by aggregating data from 133 different samples from 14 unique publications.

Aglycone Mean Content Values

Aglycone Units Average Min Max Standard Deviation

Original Content Values Used to Produce Means

Heinonen, I. M.;Lehtonen, P. J.;Hopia, A. I. (1998) Antioxidant Activity of Berry and Fruit Wines and Liquors. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 46:25-31 PubMed (25477663)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
128.00 mg/100 ml Red wine B yes 1
110.00 mg/100 ml Red wine C yes 1
120.00 mg/100 ml Red wine D yes 1
Burns J., Gardner P.T., O'Neil J., Crawford S., Morecroft I., McPhail D.B., Lister C., Matthews D., MacLean M.R., Lean M.E., Duthie G.G., Crozier A. (2000) Relationship among antioxidant activity, vasodilation capacity, and phenolic content of red wines. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 48:220-30 PubMed (10691619)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
178.16 mg/100 ml Red wine - "Chilean Cabernet Sauvignon" - Lontué, Chile - Cabernet Sauvignon - 1997 yes 1
172.72 mg/100 ml Red wine - "Californian oak-aged Cabernet Sauvignon" - California - Cabernet Sauvignon - 1995 yes 1
316.20 mg/100 ml Red wine - "Young Vatted Cabernet Sauvignon" - Sliven, Bulgaria - Cabernet Sauvignon - 1996 yes 1
188.70 mg/100 ml Red wine - "Bulgarian maturated Cab. Sauvignon" - Svischtov, Bulgaria - Cabernet Sauvignon - 1992 yes 1
225.76 mg/100 ml Red wine - "Cono Sur Pinot Noir 20 barrels" - Rapel Valley, Chile - Pinot Noir - 1995 yes 1
200.26 mg/100 ml Red wine - "Fetzer Santa Barbara" - California - Pinot Noir - 1994 yes 1
267.58 mg/100 ml Red wine - "Domaine Rossignol Trapet, Gevrey Chambertin" - Burgundy, France - Pinot Noir - 1995 yes 1
176.63 mg/100 ml Red wine - "Villa Montes oak-aged Merlot" - Curico, Chile - Pinot Noir - 1994 yes 1
247.35 mg/100 ml Red wine - "Merlot" - Languedoc, France - Pinot Noir - 1996 yes 1
242.08 mg/100 ml Red wine - "Cosme Palacio y Hermanos Rioja" - Rioja, Spain - Tempranillo - 1995 yes 1
205.02 mg/100 ml Red wine - "Vina Albani Tempranillo" - Valdepenas, Spain - Tempranillo - 1996 yes 1
196.35 mg/100 ml Red wine - "Fetzer Vineyards Zinfandel" - California - Zinfandel - 1995 yes 1
109.99 mg/100 ml Red wine - "Beaujolais" - Beaujolais, France - Gamay - 1996 yes 1
295.63 mg/100 ml Red wine - "Domaine Roche Vue, Minervois" - Aude, France - Carignon - 1995 yes 1
131.24 mg/100 ml Red wine - "Valpolicella" - Veneto, Italy - Corvina, Molinara - 1996 yes 1
229.50 mg/100 ml Red wine - "Chianti Classico" - Tuscany, Italy - Sangiovese, Trebbiano - 1995 yes 1
Frankel E.N., Waterhouse A.L., Teissedre P.L. (1995) Principal phenolic phytochemicals in selected California wines and their antioxidant activity in inhibiting oxidation of human low-density lipoproteins. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 43:890-894
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
334.00 mg/100 ml California red wine 1 - Cabernet Sauvignon - 1989 yes 1
180.00 mg/100 ml California red wine 2 - Merlot - 1990 yes 1
250.00 mg/100 ml California red wine 3 - Cabernet Sauvignon - 1987 yes 1
200.00 mg/100 ml California red wine 4 - Zinfandel - 1990 yes 1
240.00 mg/100 ml California red wine 5 - Cabernet Sauvignon - 1987 yes 1
405.90 mg/100 ml California red wine 6 - Petite Sirah - 1987 yes 1
311.40 mg/100 ml California red wine 7 - Petite Sirah - 1989 yes 1
257.20 mg/100 ml California red wine 8 - Cabernet Sauvignon - 1987 yes 1
281.60 mg/100 ml California red wine 9 - Pinot Noir - 1992 yes 1
268.80 mg/100 ml California red wine 10 - Cabernet Sauvignon - 1987 yes 1
202.00 mg/100 ml California red wine 11 - Petite Sirah - 1990 yes 1
213.30 mg/100 ml California red wine 12 - Merlot - 1991 yes 1
216.40 mg/100 ml California red wine 13 - Cabernet Sauvignon - 1991 yes 1
233.40 mg/100 ml California red wine 14 - Cabernet Sauvignon - 1989 yes 1
Katalinic V., Milos M., Modun D., Music I., Boban M. (2004) Antioxidant effectiveness of selected wines in comparison with (+)-catechin. Food Chemistry 86:593-600
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
318.30 mg/100 ml Red wine - Croatia - Dingac - 2001 yes 1
280.90 mg/100 ml Red wine - Croatia - Babic - 2001 yes 1
308.70 mg/100 ml Red wine - Croatia - Cabernet Sauvignon - 1998 yes 1
219.30 mg/100 ml Red wine - Croatia - Faros - 1998 yes 1
237.20 mg/100 ml Red wine - Croatia - Faros barique - 1999 yes 1
240.20 mg/100 ml Red wine - Croatia - Merlot - 1998 yes 1
Lugasi A., Hovari J. (2003) Antioxidant properties of commercial alcoholic and nonalcoholic beverages. Nahrung 47:79-86 PubMed (12744283)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
331.00 mg/100 ml Red wine - Pinot Noir - Dry - Villany - 1997 yes 1
224.00 mg/100 ml Red wine - Oporto 1 - Dry - Villany - 1997 yes 1
190.00 mg/100 ml Red wine - Oporto 2 - Dry - Siklos - 1997 yes 1
121.00 mg/100 ml Red wine - Merlot 1 - Dry - Kiskoros - 1996 yes 1
179.00 mg/100 ml Red wine - Merlot 2 - Sweet - Balatonboglar - 1996 yes 1
81.00 mg/100 ml Red wine - Cabernet France - Semi-dry - Tiszaug - 1996 yes 1
178.00 mg/100 ml Red wine - Kekfrankos 1 - Dry - Szekszard - 1996 yes 1
170.00 mg/100 ml Red wine - Kekfrankos 2 - Dry - Sopron - 1996 yes 1
190.00 mg/100 ml Red wine - Cabernet Sauvignon - Dry - Balatonboglar - 1995 yes 1
135.00 mg/100 ml Red wine - Zweigelt - Semi-sweet - Nagyrede - 1997 yes 1
142.00 mg/100 ml Red wine - Medina - Semi-sweet - Eger - 1996 yes 1
171.00 mg/100 ml Red wine - Bikaver - Dry - Eger - 1995 yes 1
137.00 mg/100 ml Red wine - Kadarka - Semi-sweet - Szekszard - 1995 yes 1
201.00 mg/100 ml Red wine - Cuvée Boisset - Dry - France yes 1
150.00 mg/100 ml Red wine - Mavrodaphne - Dessertwine - Greece yes 1
Minussi R.C., Rossi M., Bologna L., Cordi L., Rotilio D., Pastore G.M., Duran N. (2003) Phenolic compounds and total antioxidant potential of commercial wines. Food Chemistry 82:409-416 PubMed (24334093)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
194.70 mg/100 ml Red wine - Brazil - 1996 - Blended yes 1
198.40 mg/100 ml Red wine - Brazil - 1996 - Pinot yes 1
213.30 mg/100 ml Red wine - Chile - 1996 - Cabernet Sauvignon yes 1
161.50 mg/100 ml Red wine - Portugal - Blended yes 1
331.40 mg/100 ml Italian red wine 5 - 1998 - Barbera yes 1
417.70 mg/100 ml Italian red wine 6 - 1998 - Montepulciano yes 1
379.10 mg/100 ml Italian red wine 7 - 1996 - Blended yes 1
Simonetti P., Pietta P., Testolin G. (1997) Polyphenol content and total antioxidant potential of selected Italian wines. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 45:1152-1155
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
332.60 mg/100 ml Italian red wine - Cabernet Sauvignon - 1994 yes 1
217.80 mg/100 ml Italian red wine - Corvo Rosso - 1993 yes 1
188.40 mg/100 ml Italian red wine - Barbaresco - 1991 yes 1
168.70 mg/100 ml Italian red wine - Barbera d'Alba - 1993 yes 1
175.90 mg/100 ml Italian red wine - Barbera d'Oltrepo - 1992 yes 1
212.50 mg/100 ml Italian red wine - Chianti - 1994 yes 1
193.10 mg/100 ml Italian red wine - Piedirosso - 1992 yes 1
234.70 mg/100 ml Italian red wine - Ciro - 1994 yes 1
197.10 mg/100 ml Italian red wine - Cannonau - 1991 yes 1
136.50 mg/100 ml Italian red wine - Squinzano - 1993 yes 1
Teissedre P.L., Landrault N. (2000) Wine phenolics: contribution to dietary intake and bioavailability. Food Research International 33:461-467
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
200.00 mg/100 ml French red wine - Languedoc - Merlot 1998 yes 10
260.00 mg/100 ml French red wine - Languedoc - Cabernet-Sauvignon 1998 yes 10
184.70 mg/100 ml French red wine - Languedoc - Grenache 1998 yes 10
226.60 mg/100 ml French red wine - Languedoc - Syrah 1998 yes 10
240.00 mg/100 ml French red wine - Languedoc - Egiodola 1998 yes 10
Vitrac X., Bornet A., Vanderlinde R., Valls J., Richard T., Delaunay J.-C., Mérillon J.-M., Teissédre P.-L. (2005) Determination of Stilbenes (-viniferin, trans-astringin, trans-piceid, cis- and trans-resveratrol, -viniferin) in Brazilian Wines. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 53:5664-5669 PubMed (15998130)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
282.50 mg/100 ml Brazilian wine - Merlot 2002 Giacomin in tank yes 1
298.50 mg/100 ml Brazilian wine - Cabernet-Sauvignon 2002 Giacomin yes 1
137.50 mg/100 ml Brazilian wine - Merlot 2002 yes 1
105.00 mg/100 ml Brazilian wine - Cabernet-Sauvignon 2003 microwinemaking yes 1
100.00 mg/100 ml Brazilian wine - Merlot 2003 microwinemaking yes 1
167.50 mg/100 ml Brazilian wine - Cabernet-Sauvignon 2001 yes 1
190.00 mg/100 ml Brazilian wine - Cabernet Franc 2001 yes 1
235.00 mg/100 ml Brazilian wine - Merlot 2000 yes 1
225.00 mg/100 ml Brazilian wine - Tannat 2000 yes 1
227.50 mg/100 ml Brazilian wine - Cabernet-Sauvignon 2000 yes 1
217.50 mg/100 ml Brazilian wine - Merlot 1999 yes 1
275.00 mg/100 ml Brazilian wine - Merlot 2002 Giacomin commercial yes 1
Arnous A., Makris D.P., Kefalas P. (2002) Correlation of pigment and flavanol content with antioxidant properties in selected aged regional wines from Greece. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 15:655-665
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
377.20 mg/100 ml Red wine 10 - 1998 - Appellation "Topikos Imathias" - Macedonia, Greece - Syrah yes 1
235.40 mg/100 ml Red wine 11 - 1998 - Appellation "Topikos Letrinon" - Peloponese, Greece - Refosco, Mavrodafni yes 1
224.30 mg/100 ml Red wine 12 - 1998 - Appellation "Topikos Op. Lokridos" - Sterea Ellada, Greece - Cab. Sauv., Xinomavro, Limnio yes 1
328.70 mg/100 ml Red wine 13 - 1998 - Appellation "Topikos Plagion Egialias" - Peloponese, Greece - Cab. Sauv. yes 1
194.30 mg/100 ml Red wine 14 - 1998 - Appellation "Topikos Stereas Elladas" - Sterea Ellada, Greece - Syrah, Grenache, Carignan, Cab. Sauv. yes 1
199.50 mg/100 ml Red wine 15 - 1998 - Appellation "Topikos Tegeas" - Peloponese, Greece - Cab. Sauv., Merlot yes 1
193.90 mg/100 ml Red wine 1 - 1998 - Appellation "Kritikos Topikos" - Crete, Greece - Kotsiafali, Mandilaria, Liatiko yes 1
165.80 mg/100 ml Red wine 2 - 1998 - Appellation "Kritikos Topikos" - Crete, Greece - Kotsiafali, Mandilaria, Liatiko yes 1
170.90 mg/100 ml Red wine 3 - 1998 - Appellation "Kritikos Topikos" - Crete, Greece - Kotsiafali, Mandilaria, Liatiko yes 1
121.70 mg/100 ml Red wine 4 - 1998 - Appellation "Macedonikos Topikos" - Macedonia, Greece - Xinomavro yes 1
209.10 mg/100 ml Red wine 5 - 1998 - Appellation "Peloponissiakos Topikos" - Peloponese, Greece - Agiorgitiko, Cab. Sauv. yes 1
178.00 mg/100 ml Red wine 6 - 1998 - Appellation "Peloponissiakos Topikos" - Peloponese, Greece - Agiorgitiko, Cab. Sauv. yes 1
243.90 mg/100 ml Red wine 7 - 1998 - Appellation "Topikos Dramas" - Macedonia, Greece - Cab. Sauv., Cab. Franc, Merlot, Limnio yes 1
132.80 mg/100 ml Red wine 8 - 1998 - Appellation "Topikos Chalcidikis" - Macedonia, Greece - Merlot yes 1
218.70 mg/100 ml Red wine 9 - 1998 - Appellation "Topikos Florinas" - Macedonia, Greece - Xinomavro, Merlot yes 1
Sato M., Ramarathnam N., Suzuki Y., Ohkubo T., Takeuchi M., Ochi H. (1996) Varietal differences in the phenolic content and superoxide radical scavenging potential of wines from different sources. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 44:37-41
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
213.80 mg/100 ml Red wine 1 - Coonawarra, Australia - 1991 - Cabernet Sauvignon yes 1
285.80 mg/100 ml Red wine 2 - Chile - 1987 - Cabernet Sauvignon yes 1
283.70 mg/100 ml Red wine 3 - Chile - 1988 - Cabernet Sauvignon yes 1
249.25 mg/100 ml Red wine 4 - Pauillac, France - 1988 - Cabernet Sauvignon yes 1
269.05 mg/100 ml Red wine 5 - Margaux, France - 1988 - Cabernet Sauvignon yes 1
211.05 mg/100 ml Red wine 6 - Côte de Beaunes, France - 1989 - Pinot Noir yes 1
175.60 mg/100 ml Red wine 7 - Côtes du Rhône, France - 1989 - Syrah yes 1
226.10 mg/100 ml Red wine 8 - Touraine, France - 1989 - Cabernet Sauvignon yes 1
208.15 mg/100 ml Red wine 9 - Bordeaux, France - 1990 - Cabernet Sauvignon yes 1
130.10 mg/100 ml Red wine 10 - Beaujolais, France - 1992 - Gamay yes 1
122.50 mg/100 ml Red wine 11 - Egri, Hungary - Blended yes 1
228.25 mg/100 ml Red wine 12 - Umbria, Italy - 1982 - Sangiovese yes 1
279.30 mg/100 ml Red wine 13 - Piemonte, Italy - 1982 - Nebbiolo yes 1
241.55 mg/100 ml Red wine 14 - Piemonte, Italy - 1985 - Nebbiolo yes 1
222.75 mg/100 ml Red wine 15 - Piemonte, Italy - 1987 - Nebbiolo yes 1
207.25 mg/100 ml Red wine 16 - Nagano, Japan - 1989 - Merlot yes 1
215.10 mg/100 ml Red wine 17 - Japan - 1989 - Cabernet Sauvignon yes 1
181.00 mg/100 ml Red wine 18 - Japan - Blended yes 1
73.59 mg/100 ml Red wine 19 - Douro-Porto, Portugal - 1976 - Blended yes 1
111.55 mg/100 ml Red wine 20 - Douro-Porto, Portugal - Blended yes 1
216.95 mg/100 ml Red wine 21 - Russia - Blended yes 1
180.20 mg/100 ml Red wine 22 - Rioja, Spain - 1985 - Tempranillo yes 1
272.70 mg/100 ml Red wine 23 - Napa Valley, USA - 1989 - Cabernet Sauvignon yes 1
Gorinstein S., Caspi A., Zemser M., Trakhtenberg S. (2000) Comparative contents of some phenolics in beer, red and white wines. Nutrition Research 20:131-139
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
83.12 mg/100 ml Red wine, dry no 1
Gil M.I., Tomas-Barberan F.A., Hess-Pierce B., Holcroft D.M., Kader A.A. (2000) Antioxidant activity of pomegranate juice and its relationship with phenolic composition and processing. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 48:4581-4589 PubMed (11052704)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
203.60 mg/100 ml Red wine - Cabernet Sauvignon 1997 (California) yes 1
Lopez M., Martinez F., Del Valle C., Orte C., Miro M. (2001) Analysis of phenolic constituents of biological interest in red wines by high-performance liquid chromatography. Journal of Chromatography A 922:359-63 PubMed (22305355)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
185.70 mg/100 ml Red wine - Spain - Sample 1 yes 1
231.50 mg/100 ml Red wine - Spain - Sample 2 yes 1
184.80 mg/100 ml Red wine - Spain - Sample 3 yes 1
205.00 mg/100 ml Red wine - Spain - Sample 4 yes 1
195.00 mg/100 ml Red wine - Spain - Sample 5 yes 1