Calculated Mean Content Values

Units Average Min Max Standard Deviation
mg/100 g FW 200.96 66.20 430.00 104.80
mol/100 g 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Values calculated by aggregating data from 31 different samples from 6 unique publications.

Aglycone Mean Content Values

Aglycone Units Average Min Max Standard Deviation

Original Content Values Used to Produce Means

Vinson, J.A., Su, X., Zubik, L., Bose, P. (2001) Phenol antioxidant quantity and quality in food : fruits. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 49:5315-5321 PubMed (23688142)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
89.90 mg/100 g FW Apple no 1
Podsedek A., Wilska-Jeszka J., Anders B., Markowski J. (2000) Compositional characterisation of some apple varieties. European Food Research and Technology 210:268-272
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
280.00 mg/100 g FW Apple cored - Alwa no 1
357.00 mg/100 g FW Apple cored - Boskoop no 1
229.00 mg/100 g FW Apple cored - Close no 1
252.00 mg/100 g FW Apple cored - Elstar no 1
273.00 mg/100 g FW Apple cored - Idared no 1
310.00 mg/100 g FW Apple cored - Jonagold no 1
290.00 mg/100 g FW Apple cored - Lobo no 1
324.00 mg/100 g FW Apple cored - Papicrowka no 1
297.00 mg/100 g FW Apple cored - Szampion no 1
324.00 mg/100 g FW Apple cored - Warta no 1
Imeh U., Khokhar S. (2002) Distribution of conjugated and free phenols in fruits: antioxidant activity and cultivar variations. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 50:6301-6306 PubMed (12381107)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
364.70 mg/100 g FW Apple - Braeburn no 12
317.20 mg/100 g FW Apple - Bramley no 12
170.80 mg/100 g FW Apple - Cripps Pink no 12
117.10 mg/100 g FW Apple - Empire no 12
145.60 mg/100 g FW Apple - Fuji no 12
120.60 mg/100 g FW Apple - Golden Delicious no 12
192.50 mg/100 g FW Apple - Granny Smith no 12
430.00 mg/100 g FW Apple - Red Delicious no 12
156.10 mg/100 g FW Apple - Royal Gala no 12
Kim D.-O., Jeong S.W., Lee C.Y. (2003) Antioxidant capacity of phenolic phytochemicals from various cultivars of plums. Food Chemistry 81:321-326
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
118.00 mg/100 g FW Fresh apple - Gala no 5
Vrhovsek U., Rigo A., Tonon D., Mattivi F. (2004) Quantitation of polyphenols in different apple varieties. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 52:6532-6538 PubMed (15479019)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
121.00 mg/100 g FW Apple - Cored - Granny Smith no 3
105.80 mg/100 g FW Apple - Cored - Morgenduft no 4
86.30 mg/100 g FW Apple - Cored - Golden Delicious no 9
83.90 mg/100 g FW Apple - Cored - Royal Gala no 7
75.40 mg/100 g FW Apple - Cored - Braeburn no 2
66.20 mg/100 g FW Apple - Cored - Fuji no 3
211.90 mg/100 g FW Apple - Cored - Renetta no 6
131.10 mg/100 g FW Apple - Cored - Red Delicious no 7
Wu, X., Beecher, G.R., Holden, J.M., Haytowitz D.B., Gebhardt S.E., Prior, R.L. (2004) Lipophilic and hydrophilic antioxidant capacities of common foods in the United States. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 52:4026-37 PubMed (15186133)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
248.00 mg/100 g FW Golden delicious no 2
347.00 mg/100 g FW Red delicious no 4