Calculated Mean Content Values

Units Average Min Max Standard Deviation
mg/100 g FW 131.80 15.86 690.00 118.63
mol/100 g 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Values calculated by aggregating data from 53 different samples from 8 unique publications.

Aglycone Mean Content Values

Aglycone Units Average Min Max Standard Deviation

Original Content Values Used to Produce Means

Lachman, J.;Orsak, M.;Pivec, V.;Kucera, J. (2000) Effect of the year and storage on ascorbic acid content and total polyphenol content in three apple varieties. Czech Journal of Food Science 18:71-74
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
216.50 mg/100 g FW Apple Idaret - Sept 1997 no 4
203.20 mg/100 g FW Apple Idaret - Oct 1997 no 4
189.30 mg/100 g FW Apple Idaret - Nov 1997 no 4
176.50 mg/100 g FW Apple Idaret - Dec 1997 no 4
158.50 mg/100 g FW Apple Idaret - Jan 1998 no 4
147.00 mg/100 g FW Apple Idaret - Feb 1998 no 4
181.10 mg/100 g FW Apple Idaret - Sept 1998 no 4
173.00 mg/100 g FW Apple Idaret - Oct 1998 no 4
167.30 mg/100 g FW Apple Idaret - Nov 1998 no 4
155.60 mg/100 g FW Apple Idaret - Dec 1998 no 4
147.80 mg/100 g FW Apple Idaret - Jan 1999 no 4
140.50 mg/100 g FW Apple Idaret - Feb 1999 no 4
178.70 mg/100 g FW Apple Gloster - Sept 1997 no 4
169.20 mg/100 g FW Apple Gloster - Oct 1997 no 4
165.80 mg/100 g FW Apple Gloster - Nov 1997 no 4
139.70 mg/100 g FW Apple Gloster - Dec 1997 no 4
135.70 mg/100 g FW Apple Gloster - Jan 1998 no 4
123.20 mg/100 g FW Apple Gloster - Feb 1998 no 4
168.90 mg/100 g FW Apple Gloster - Sept 1998 no 4
158.00 mg/100 g FW Apple Gloster - Oct 1998 no 4
147.90 mg/100 g FW Apple Gloster - Nov 1998 no 4
132.10 mg/100 g FW Apple Gloster - Dec 1998 no 4
134.80 mg/100 g FW Apple Gloster - Jan 1999 no 4
127.40 mg/100 g FW Apple Gloster - Feb 1999 no 4
199.90 mg/100 g FW Apple Ontario - Sept 1997 no 4
179.50 mg/100 g FW Apple Ontario - Oct 1997 no 4
163.30 mg/100 g FW Apple Ontario - Nov 1997 no 4
160.20 mg/100 g FW Apple Ontario - Dec 1997 no 4
143.20 mg/100 g FW Apple Ontario - Jan 1998 no 4
132.40 mg/100 g FW Apple Ontario - Feb 1998 no 4
202.40 mg/100 g FW Apple Ontario - Sept 1998 no 4
195.90 mg/100 g FW Apple Ontario - Oct 1998 no 4
183.30 mg/100 g FW Apple Ontario - Nov 1998 no 4
172.30 mg/100 g FW Apple Ontario - Dec 1998 no 4
167.40 mg/100 g FW Apple Ontario - Jan 1999 no 4
160.70 mg/100 g FW Apple Ontario - Feb 1999 no 4
Sanoner P., Guyot S., Marnet N., Molle D., Drilleau J.P. (1999) Polyphenol profiles of French cider apple varieties (Malus domestica sp.). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 47:4847-53 PubMed (10606541)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
128.00 mg/100 g FW Dessert Apple - Cortex - GD no 3
Gorinstein S., Martin-Belloso O., Lojek A., Ciz M., Soliva-Fortuny R., Yong Seo P., Caspi A., Libman I., Trakhtenberg S. (2002) Comparative content of some phytochemicals in Spanish apples, peaches and pears. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 82:1166-1170
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
690.00 mg/100 g FW Apple flesh no 1
Kondo S., Tsuda K., Muto N., Ueda J. (2002) Antioxidative activity of apple skin or flesh extracts associated with fruit development on selected apple cultivars. Scientia Horticulturae 96:177-185
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
49.30 mg/100 g FW Apple flesh - Fuji no 1
51.00 mg/100 g FW Apple flesh - Oorin no 1
307.30 mg/100 g FW Apple flesh - Redfield no 1
Leontowicz H., Gorinstein S., Lojek A., Leontowicz M., Ciz M., Soliva-Fortuny R., Yong Seo P., Soon Teck J., Trakhtenberg S., Martin-Belloso O. (2002) Comparative content of some bioactive compounds in apples, peaches and pears and their influence on lipids and antioxidant capacity in rats. Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry 13:603-610 PubMed (12550072)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
680.00 mg/100 g FW Apple peeled no 1
Tsao R., Yang R., Young J.C., Honghui Z. (2003) Polyphenolic profiles in eight apple cultivars using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 51:6347-6353 PubMed (14518966)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
32.90 mg/100 g FW Apple flesh - Mutsu no 10
44.58 mg/100 g FW Apple flesh - Red Delicious no 10
75.52 mg/100 g FW Apple flesh - Northern Spy no 10
37.03 mg/100 g FW Apple flesh - Golden Delicious no 10
41.31 mg/100 g FW Apple flesh - Ida Red no 10
15.86 mg/100 g FW Apple flesh - Empire no 10
53.65 mg/100 g FW Apple flesh - Cortland no 10
Escarpa A., Gonzalez M.C. (2001) Approach to the content of total extractable phenolic compounds from different food samples by comparison of chromatographic and spectrophotometric methods. Analytica Chimica Acta 427:119-127
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
84.70 mg/100 g FW Golden apple - Pulp - Malus domestica no 1
105.10 mg/100 g FW Reineta apple - Pulp - Malus domestica no 1
Wu, X., Beecher, G.R., Holden, J.M., Haytowitz D.B., Gebhardt S.E., Prior, R.L. (2004) Lipophilic and hydrophilic antioxidant capacities of common foods in the United States. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 52:4026-37 PubMed (15186133)
Original Content Value Original Food Description Commercial Origin # of Samples Analyzed
217.00 mg/100 g FW Golden delicious no 2
232.00 mg/100 g FW Red delicious no 4