Urine Plasma  
Polyphenol metabolite Composition of the [polyphenol] source Doses
administered
Dose
duration
Total no. subjects Mean urinary excretion (%) Kinetic data Tmax (hours) Mean Cmax (µmol/L) Half life (hours) AUC (µmol/L·h) Kinetic data Reference
human studies
Cyanidin 3-O-galactoside Not applicable 12 g Single dose 4 Detected (unquantified) WU 2002
Cyanidin 3-O-glucoside Food administered
12 g Single dose 4 Detected (unquantified) 1.08 0.04 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 MILBURY 2002
12 g Single dose 4 Detected (unquantified) WU 2002
12 g Single dose 4 397 µg after 8 hours 1.08 0.04 1.62 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 CAO 2001
Cyanidin 3-O-sambubioside Food administered
12 g Single dose 4 1.18 0.03 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 MILBURY 2002
12 g Single dose 4 Detected (unquantified) WU 2002
12 g Single dose 4 1.19 0.03 2.82 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 CAO 2001
Delphinidin 3-O-arabinoside Not applicable 12 g Single dose 4 Detected (unquantified) WU 2002
Delphinidin 3-O-galactoside Not applicable 12 g Single dose 4 Detected (unquantified) WU 2002
Delphinidin 3-O-glucoside Not applicable 12 g Single dose 4 Detected (unquantified) WU 2002
Malvidin 3-O-arabinoside Not applicable 12 g Single dose 4 Detected (unquantified) WU 2002
Malvidin 3-O-glucoside Not applicable 12 g Single dose 4 Detected (unquantified) WU 2002
Peonidin 3-O-galactoside Not applicable 12 g Single dose 4 Detected (unquantified) WU 2002
Peonidin 3-O-glucoside Not applicable 12 g Single dose 4 47.21 µg after 4 hours WU 2002
Peonidin 3-O-sambubioside Not applicable 12 g Single dose 4 7.38 µg after 4 hours WU 2002
Petunidin 3-O-arabinoside Not applicable 12 g Single dose 4 Detected (unquantified) WU 2002
Petunidin 3-O-galactoside Not applicable 12 g Single dose 4 Detected (unquantified) WU 2002