Urine Plasma  
[polyphenol] source used in experiment Source composition Doses administered Dose duration Total no. subjects Mean urinary excretion (%) Kinetic data Tmax (hours) Mean Cmax (µmol/L) Half life (hours) AUC (µmol/L·h) Kinetic data Reference
human studies
grapefruit juice Food administered
430 mL Single dose 9 5 ┬Ámol after 12 hours ITO 2005
orange juice Food administered
550 g Single dose 9 0.7 ┬Ámol after 12 hours ITO 2005