Urine Plasma  
[polyphenol] source used in experiment Source composition Doses administered Dose duration Total no. subjects Mean urinary excretion (%) Kinetic data Tmax (hours) Mean Cmax (µmol/L) Half life (hours) AUC (µmol/L·h) Kinetic data Reference
human studies
blueberry Food administered
439.1 mg Single dose 5 0.003 1.1 µg after 7 hours MCGHIE 2003
cranberry juice Food administered
200 mL Single dose 11 3.6 1.2 nmol after 24 hours OHNISHI 2006
encapsulated chokeberry extract Food administered
7.1 g Single dose 3 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 3.5 0.01 1.67 53.99 KAY 2005
lingonberries Food administered
Generic food
300 g Single dose 4 Trace amount LEHTONEN 2009
Mirtoselect bilberry extract Food administered
4.5 g Single dose 1 Detected (unquantified) COOKE 2006
rat studies
Bilberon 25 bilberry extract Food administered
400 mg/kg bw Single dose 4 0.25 0.07 ICHIYANAGI 2006
wild lowbush blueberry diet Generic food 8 % of diet 8 weeks 8 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 DEL BO 2010
pig studies
freeze-dried chokeberry powder Generic food 0 Single dose 9 0.03 WU 2005