Urine Plasma  
Polyphenol metabolite Composition of the [polyphenol] source Doses
administered
Dose
duration
Total no. subjects Mean urinary excretion (%) Kinetic data Tmax (hours) Mean Cmax (µmol/L) Half life (hours) AUC (µmol/L·h) Kinetic data Reference
rat studies
4'-O-Methylcyanidin 3-O-D-glucoside Not applicable 100 mg/kg bw Single dose 24 Detected (unquantified) Detected (unquantified) ICHIYANAGI 2005
Cyanidin 3-O-glucoside Not applicable 100 mg/kg bw Single dose 24 0.57 nmol after 4 hours 0.64 ICHIYANAGI 2005
0.9 mmol/kg bw Single dose 15 0.5 0.31 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 TSUDA 1999
Peonidin 3-O-glucoside Not applicable 100 mg/kg bw Single dose 24 Detected (unquantified) Detected (unquantified) ICHIYANAGI 2005
Protocatechuic acid Not applicable 0.9 mmol/kg bw Single dose 15 1 2.56 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 TSUDA 1999
mouse studies
Cyanidin 3-O-glucoside Not applicable 500 mg/kg bw Single dose 21 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 1.6 25.1 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 MARCZYLO 2009