Urine Plasma  
[polyphenol] source used in experiment Source composition Doses administered Dose duration Total no. subjects Mean urinary excretion (%) Kinetic data Tmax (hours) Mean Cmax (µmol/L) Half life (hours) AUC (µmol/L·h) Kinetic data Reference
human studies
blood orange juice Food administered
Generic food
1 L Single dose 6 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 VITAGLIONE 2007
concentrated x2 blood orange juice Food administered
500 mL Single dose 5 3.07 µg after 4 hours 0.38 ng/mL after 1 hours GIORDANO 2007
rat studies
anthocyanin-rich maize seed powder Food administered
20 % of diet 8 weeks 31 38.2 nmol/L after 8 weeks TOUFEKTSIAN 2008
red orange lyophilisate Food administered
200 g/kg diet Single dose 9 0.04 0.68 nmol after 24 hours FELGINES 2006