Urine Plasma  
Polyphenol metabolite Composition of the [polyphenol] source Doses
administered
Dose
duration
Total no. subjects Mean urinary excretion (%) Kinetic data Tmax (hours) Mean Cmax (µmol/L) Half life (hours) AUC (µmol/L·h) Kinetic data Reference
human studies
Caffeic acid 3-sulfate Food administered
350 mL Single dose 10 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 BORGES 2010
Dihydrocaffeic acid 3-sulfate Food administered
350 mL Single dose 10 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 BORGES 2010
Dihydroferulic acid Food administered
350 mL Single dose 10 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 BORGES 2010
Dihydroferulic acid 4-sulfate Food administered
350 mL Single dose 10 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 BORGES 2010
Epicatechin 3'-O-glucuronide Food administered
350 mL Single dose 10 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 BORGES 2010
Ferulic acid 4-sulfate Food administered
350 mL Single dose 10 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 BORGES 2010
Feruloylglycine Food administered
350 mL Single dose 10 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 BORGES 2010
Hesperetin 7-O-glucuronide Food administered
350 mL Single dose 10 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 BORGES 2010
Phloretin 2'-O-glucuronide Food administered
350 mL Single dose 10 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 0.6 0.2 2.1 425 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 BORGES 2010