Urine Plasma  
[polyphenol] source used in experiment Source composition Doses administered Dose duration Total no. subjects Mean urinary excretion (%) Kinetic data Tmax (hours) Mean Cmax (µmol/L) Half life (hours) AUC (µmol/L·h) Kinetic data Reference
human studies
citric acid in water Not applicable 0.5 g/day 7 days 20 2.8 ┬Ámol/24h after 1 weeks OLTHOF 2003
quercetin 3-O-rutinoside Not applicable 440 mg/day 7 days 20 26 ┬Ámol/24h after 1 weeks OLTHOF 2003
  Urine Plasma  
[polyphenol] source used in experiment Source composition Doses administered Dose duration Total no. subjects Mean urinary excretion (%) Kinetic data Tmax (hours) Mean Cmax (µmol/L) Half life (hours) AUC (µmol/L·h) Kinetic data Reference
human studies
blackcurrant juice Food administered
330 mL Single dose 10 Graph Graph RECHNER 2002_02
Ocean Spray cranberry juice cocktail Food administered
1800 mL Single dose 1 Graph ZHANG 2004_01
rat studies
sinapic acid Not applicable 0.42 % of diet 0 hours 5 Detected (unquantified) FARDET 2008_02