Urine Plasma  
[polyphenol] source used in experiment Source composition Doses administered Dose duration Total no. subjects Mean urinary excretion (%) Kinetic data Tmax (hours) Mean Cmax (µmol/L) Half life (hours) AUC (µmol/L·h) Kinetic data Reference
human studies
freeze-dried black raspberries Food administered
45 g/day 7 days 10 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 TIAN 2006
freeze-dried black raspberry Food administered
45 g/day 7 days 11 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 2.55 0.01 3.39 39.54 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 STONER 2005
rat studies
black raspberry Food administered
Generic food
12.08 mg Single dose 4 0.65 µg/mL after 60 minutes MCGHIE 2003
raspberry juice Food administered
Generic food
2.77 mL Single dose 24 0.36 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 BORGES 2007