Urine Plasma  
[polyphenol] source used in experiment Source composition Doses administered Dose duration Total no. subjects Mean urinary excretion (%) Kinetic data Tmax (hours) Mean Cmax (µmol/L) Half life (hours) AUC (µmol/L·h) Kinetic data Reference
human studies
chokeberry extract in water Food administered
20 g Single dose 2 9.9 µmol/L after 24 hours Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 KAY 2004
cranberry juice Food administered
200 mL Single dose 11 3.7 1.7 nmol after 24 hours OHNISHI 2006
elderberry extract Not applicable 12 g Single dose 4 Detected (unquantified) WU 2002
encapsulated chokeberry extract Food administered
7.1 g Single dose 3 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 2.5 0.02 1.35 66.64 KAY 2005
lingonberries Food administered
Generic food
300 g Single dose 4 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 LEHTONEN 2009
Mirtoselect bilberry extract Food administered
4.5 g Single dose 1 Detected (unquantified) COOKE 2006
rat studies
Bilberon 25 bilberry extract Food administered
400 mg/kg bw Single dose 4 0.25 0.18 ICHIYANAGI 2006
blueberry Food administered
8.5 mg Single dose 4 0.07 µg/mL after 60 Minutes MCGHIE 2003
wild lowbush blueberry diet Generic food 8 % of diet 8 weeks 8 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 DEL BO 2010
pig studies
freeze-dried chokeberry powder Generic food 0 Single dose 9 0.05 WU 2005