Urine Plasma  
[polyphenol] source used in experiment Source composition Doses administered Dose duration Total no. subjects Mean urinary excretion (%) Kinetic data Tmax (hours) Mean Cmax (µmol/L) Half life (hours) AUC (µmol/L·h) Kinetic data Reference
human studies
anthocyanin extract Food administered
12 g Single dose 7 0.06 0.13 mg after 24 hours Detected (unquantified) GARCIA-ALONSO 2009
blackcurrant Food administered
Generic food
188.5 mg Single dose 5 0.04 7.2 µg after 7 hours MCGHIE 2003
blackcurrant juice Food administered
330 mL Single dose 10 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 RECHNER 2002_02
blueberry Food administered
439.1 mg Single dose 5 0.03 5.2 µg after 7 hours MCGHIE 2003
concentrated x2 blood orange juice Food administered
500 mL Single dose 5 1.51 µg after 4 hours 0.2 ng/mL after 1 hours GIORDANO 2007
elderberry extract Not applicable 12 g Single dose 4 Detected (unquantified) WU 2002
Mirtoselect bilberry extract Food administered
4.5 g Single dose 1 Detected (unquantified) COOKE 2006
rat studies
Bilberon 25 bilberry extract Food administered
400 mg/kg bw Single dose 4 0.25 0.15 ICHIYANAGI 2006
blackcurrant anthocyanin powder in saline Food administered
100 mg/kg bw Single dose 10 Detected (unquantified) MATSUMOTO 2006_01
blackcurrant powder Not applicable 0 Single dose 35 0.25 0.02 0.04 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 WALTON 2009
blackcurrant powder with 6.7% oatmeal Not applicable 0 Single dose 35 5 0.01 0.01 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 WALTON 2009
blueberry Food administered
8.5 mg Single dose 4 0.08 µg/mL after 60 minutes MCGHIE 2003
delphinidin 3-O-glucoside in citric acid Not applicable 100 mg/kg bw Single dose 4 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 ICHIYANAGI 2004
wild lowbush blueberry diet Generic food 8 % of diet 8 weeks 8 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 DEL BO 2010
pig studies
freeze-dried blackcurrant powder Generic food 0 Single dose 9 0.02 WU 2005