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mean content min max SD n N number of references
 
Fruits and fruit products - Fruits - Pomes - Apple [Dessert], whole, raw
Flavonoids
Anthocyanins Cyanidin 3-O-arabinoside Graph 0.06 mg/100 g FW 0.00 0.17 0.07 8 41 1
Cyanidin 3-O-galactoside Graph 0.81 mg/100 g FW 0.00 3.11 0.88 13 50 3
Cyanidin 3-O-xyloside Graph 0.06 mg/100 g FW 0.00 0.21 0.09 8 41 1
Dihydrochalcones 3-Hydroxyphloretin 2'-O-glucoside Graph 0.11 mg/100 g FW 0.00 0.29 0.12 8 41 1
Phloretin 2'-O-xylosyl-glucoside Graph 2.58 mg/100 g FW 0.88 7.99 2.09 14 47 2
Phloridzin Graph 2.69 mg/100 g FW 0.64 9.11 1.92 19 56 4
Flavanols (+)-Catechin Graph 1.22 mg/100 g FW 0.00 3.40 0.83 29 83 4
(-)-Epicatechin Graph 8.37 mg/100 g FW 1.80 19.16 3.67 35 89 5
Procyanidin dimer B2 Graph 14.56 mg/100 g FW 0.90 38.46 9.19 24 57 3
Flavonols Quercetin Graph 0.13 mg/100 g FW 0.00 0.22 0.06 9 46 2
Quercetin 3-O-arabinoside Graph 1.40 mg/100 g FW 0.72 4.44 1.12 18 51 3
Quercetin 3-O-galactoside Graph 2.36 mg/100 g FW 0.96 4.80 1.20 18 51 3
Quercetin 3-O-glucoside Graph 0.64 mg/100 g FW 0.20 2.40 0.77 18 51 3
Quercetin 3-O-rhamnoside Graph 1.33 mg/100 g FW 0.52 5.30 1.57 18 51 3
Quercetin 3-O-rutinoside Graph 0.22 mg/100 g FW 0.10 0.32 0.06 12 45 2
Quercetin 3-O-xyloside Graph 0.78 mg/100 g FW 0.50 2.28 0.58 18 51 3
Phenolic acids
Hydroxybenzoic acids Gentisic acid Graph 0.22 mg/100 g FW 0.13 0.29 0.08 3 3 1
Syringic acid Graph 0.90 mg/100 g FW 0.00 2.63 1.21 4 8 2
Hydroxycinnamic acids 4-Caffeoylquinic acid Graph 0.54 mg/100 g FW 0.00 0.76 0.44 3 7 2
4-p-Coumaroylquinic acid Graph 2.25 mg/100 g FW 0.32 6.77 1.92 10 43 2
5-Caffeoylquinic acid Graph 13.37 mg/100 g FW 1.60 43.00 11.26 35 76 8
5-p-Coumaroylquinic acid Graph 1.05 mg/100 g FW 1.00 1.10 0.07 2 2 1
Caffeic acid Graph 0.33 mg/100 g FW 0.00 0.93 0.45 6 10 3
Ferulic acid Graph 0.07 mg/100 g FW 0.00 0.21 0.10 5 5 2
p-Coumaric acid Graph 0.27 mg/100 g FW 0.00 0.70 0.21 14 51 4
mean content min max SD n N number of references
 
Fruits and fruit products - Fruits - Pomes - Apple [Dessert], whole, raw
Flavonoids
Flavones Luteolin Graph 0.17 mg/100 g FW 0.00 2.70 0.97 12 29 4
Flavonols Quercetin Graph 2.47 mg/100 g FW 0.00 7.20 1.77 12 29 4
Phenolic acids
Hydroxybenzoic acids Protocatechuic acid Graph 0.49 mg/100 g FW 0.49 0.49 0.00 1 5 1
Hydroxycinnamic acids Caffeic acid Graph 1.40 mg/100 g FW 1.40 1.40 0.00 1 5 1
p-Coumaric acid Graph 0.50 mg/100 g FW 0.50 0.50 0.00 1 5 1
Lignans
Lignans Lariciresinol Graph 0.10 mg/100 g FW 0.10 0.10 0.00 2 6 1
Matairesinol Graph 2.71e-05 mg/100 g FW 0.00 4.20e-04 1.45e-04 11 31 3
Secoisolariciresinol Graph 1.79e-03 mg/100 g FW 0.00 3.00e-03 9.70e-04 11 31 3
mean content min max SD n N number of references
 
Fruits and fruit products - Fruits - Pomes - Apple [Dessert], whole, raw
Polyphenols, total
Polyphenols, total Polyphenols, total Graph 200.96 mg/100 g FW 66.20 430.00 104.80 31 171 6
mean content min max SD n N number of references
 
Fruits and fruit products - Fruits - Pomes - Apple [Dessert], whole, raw
Flavonoids
Flavanols 01 mers Graph 7.15 mg/100 g FW 4.70 9.60 3.46 2 2 1
02 mers Graph 12.00 mg/100 g FW 10.20 13.80 2.55 2 2 1
03 mers Graph 7.80 mg/100 g FW 6.30 9.30 2.12 2 2 1
04-06 mers Graph 26.50 mg/100 g FW 22.80 30.20 5.23 2 2 1
07-10 mers Graph 22.45 mg/100 g FW 19.50 25.40 4.17 2 2 1
Polymers (>10 mers) Graph 32.65 mg/100 g FW 27.70 37.60 7.00 2 2 1