Urine Plasma  
[polyphenol] source used in experiment Source composition Doses administered Dose duration Total no. subjects Mean urinary excretion (%) Kinetic data Tmax (hours) Mean Cmax (µmol/L) Half life (hours) AUC (µmol/L·h) Kinetic data Reference
human studies
anthocyanin extract Food administered
12 g Single dose 7 Detected (unquantified) GARCIA-ALONSO 2009
blackberries Food administered
Generic food
200 g Single dose 5 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 FELGINES 2005
blackcurrant Food administered
Generic food
188.5 mg Single dose 5 0.04 5.2 µg after 7 hours MCGHIE 2003
blackcurrant juice Food administered
330 mL Single dose 10 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 RECHNER 2002_02
blood orange juice Food administered
Generic food
1 L Single dose 6 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 0.5 0 7 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 VITAGLIONE 2007
blueberry Food administered
439.1 mg Single dose 5 0.007 1.2 µg after 7 hours MCGHIE 2003
boysenberry Food administered
344.5 mg Single dose 5 0.006 17.7 µg after 7 hours MCGHIE 2003
boysenberry extract in water Not applicable 60 g Single dose 1 Detected (unquantified) COONEY 2004
concentrated x2 blood orange juice Food administered
500 mL Single dose 7 14.89 µg after 4 hours 1.98 ng/mL after 1 hours GIORDANO 2007
cranberry juice Food administered
200 mL Single dose 11 1.4 0.06 nmol after 24 hours OHNISHI 2006
elderberry extract Food administered
12 g Single dose 4 Detected (unquantified) 1.08 0.04 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 MILBURY 2002
elderberry extract Not applicable 12 g Single dose 4 Detected (unquantified) WU 2002
elderberry extract in water Food administered
12 g Single dose 4 397 µg after 8 hours 1.08 0.04 1.62 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 CAO 2001
freeze-dried black raspberries Food administered
45 g/day 7 days 10 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 TIAN 2006
freeze-dried black raspberry Food administered
45 g/day 7 days 11 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 1.09 0 2.52 6.91 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 STONER 2005
homogenized raspberries Food administered
300 g Single dose 10 0.03 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 GONZALEZ-BARRIO 2010
lingonberries Food administered
Generic food
300 g Single dose 4 Trace amount LEHTONEN 2009
Mirtoselect bilberry extract Food administered
4.5 g Single dose 1 Detected (unquantified) COOKE 2006
rat studies
anthocyanin-rich maize seed powder Food administered
20 % of diet 8 weeks 31 57.6 nmol/L after 8 weeks TOUFEKTSIAN 2008
Bilberon 25 bilberry extract Food administered
400 mg/kg bw Single dose 4 0.25 0.13 ICHIYANAGI 2006
black raspberry Food administered
Generic food
12.08 mg Single dose 4 0.4 µg/mL after 60 minutes MCGHIE 2003
blackberry extract Food administered
15 g/kg diet 15 days 6 Detected (unquantified) 0.15 nmol/mL after 15 days TALAVERA 2005
blackberry extract Food administered
20 g/kg diet 24 hours 8 Detected (unquantified) 0.11 nmol/mL after 12 days FELGINES 2009
blackcurrant anthocyanin powder in saline Food administered
100 mg/kg bw Single dose 10 Detected (unquantified) MATSUMOTO 2006_01
blackcurrant powder Not applicable 0 Single dose 35 0.25 0.02 0.01 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 WALTON 2009
blackcurrant powder with 6.7% oatmeal Not applicable 0 Single dose 35 0.5 0.02 0.02 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 WALTON 2009
blueberry Food administered
8.5 mg Single dose 4 0.25 µg/mL after 60 minutes MCGHIE 2003
boysenberry Food administered
6 mg Single dose 4 0.36 µg/mL after 60 minutes MCGHIE 2003
cyanidin 3-O-glucoside Not applicable 0.9 mmol/kg bw Single dose 15 0.5 0.31 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 TSUDA 1999
cyanidin 3-O-glucoside Not applicable 100 mg/kg bw Single dose 24 0.57 nmol after 4 hours 0.64 ICHIYANAGI 2005
raspberry juice Food administered
Generic food
2.77 mL Single dose 24 0.4 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 BORGES 2007
red orange juice extract solution (with glucose) Food administered
1.5 mL Single dose 8 147 nmol/L after 1 hours FELGINES 2008
red orange juice extract solution (without glucose) Food administered
1.5 mL Single dose 8 0.12 64.7 nmol after 24 hours FELGINES 2008
red orange juice extract solution (without glucose) Food administered
1.5 mL Single dose 8 0.13 71.4 nmol after 24 hours FELGINES 2008
red orange lyophilisate Food administered
200 g/kg diet Single dose 9 0.05 0.71 nmol after 24 hours FELGINES 2006
wild lowbush blueberry diet Generic food 8 % of diet 8 weeks 8 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 DEL BO 2010
mouse studies
cyanidin 3-O-glucoside Not applicable 500 mg/kg bw Single dose 21 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 1.6 25.1 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 MARCZYLO 2009
pig studies
freeze-dried blackcurrant powder Generic food 0 Single dose 9 0.02 WU 2005
freeze-dried chokeberry powder Generic food 0 Single dose 9 0.03 WU 2005
freeze-dried elderberry powder Generic food 0 Single dose 9 0.04 Detected (unquantified) WU 2005
freeze-dried marionberry powder Food administered
0 Single dose 3 0.02 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 1 0.03 64.75 Graph a9d716975d07e4a7e41abb50e7f45e82a5a61800f83ed43664b0781ff2caee59 WU 2004_02