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mean content min max SD n N number of references
 
Phenolic acids - Hydroxybenzoic acids - Syringic acid
Alcoholic beverages
Beers Beer [Ale] Graph 0.11 mg/100 ml 0.06 0.18 0.06 4 4 2
Beer [Dark] Graph 0.11 mg/100 ml 0.11 0.11 0.00 2 2 2
Beer [Regular] Graph 0.02 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.09 0.02 23 45 7
Liquors - Nut liquors Walnut, liquor Graph 3.12 mg/100 ml 2.36 3.58 0.58 4 4 1
Spirits - Brandy Cognac Graph 0.09 mg/100 ml 0.04 0.21 0.09 3 36 1
Spirits - Rum Rum Graph 0.03 mg/100 ml 0.03 0.03 0.00 1 21 1
Spirits - Whisky Scotch whisky Graph 0.10 mg/100 ml 0.05 0.20 0.07 4 66 1
Wines - Fortified Wines Sherry Graph 0.15 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.72 0.20 18 18 2
Wines - Grape wines Wine [Red] Graph 0.27 mg/100 ml 0.00 2.33 0.49 40 376 9
Wine [Rosé] Graph 0.14 mg/100 ml 0.14 0.15 7.07e-03 2 5 2
Wine [White] Graph 5.43e-03 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.02 7.72e-03 7 7 4
Cereals and cereal products
Cereals Common wheat, refined flour Graph 0.04 mg/100 g FW 0.04 0.04 0.00 1 1 1
Maize, refined flour Graph 0.09 mg/100 g FW 0.09 0.09 0.00 1 1 1
Oat, refined flour Graph 0.20 mg/100 g FW 0.20 0.20 0.00 1 1 1
Rice, parboiled Graph 0.01 mg/100 g FW 1.00e-02 0.02 7.07e-03 2 2 1
Rice, whole grain Graph 0.03 mg/100 g FW 3.00e-03 0.05 0.03 2 2 1
Fruits and fruit products
Dried fruits - Dried other fruits Date, dried Graph 6.06 mg/100 g FW 1.84 9.24 3.81 3 3 1
Fruits - Other fruits Date, fresh Graph 2.45 mg/100 g FW 0.00 7.19 4.10 3 3 1
Fruits - Pomes Apple [Dessert], whole, raw Graph 0.90 mg/100 g FW 0.00 2.63 1.21 4 8 2
Non-alcoholic beverages
Fruit juices - Berry juices Grape [Green], pure juice Graph 0.05 mg/100 ml 0.05 0.05 0.00 1 18 1
Oils
Oils - Fruit vegetable oils Olive, oil, extra virgin Graph 0.02 mg/100 g FW 0.00 0.06 0.02 9 9 2
Olive, oil, virgin Graph 0.08 mg/100 g FW 1.00e-02 0.37 0.12 16 63 3
Oils - Other seed oils Rape seed, oil Graph 0.68 mg/100 g FW 0.68 0.68 0.00 1 1 1
Seasonings
Herbs Common sage, dried Graph 3.35 mg/100 g FW 0.00 6.70 4.74 2 2 2
Common thyme, dried Graph 11.70 mg/100 g FW 11.40 12.00 0.42 2 2 2
Oregano, dried (wild marjoram) Graph 3.75 mg/100 g FW 0.00 7.50 5.30 2 2 2
Rosemary, dried Graph 1.03 mg/100 g FW 0.00 3.10 1.79 3 3 3
Other seasonings Vinegar Graph 0.30 mg/100 ml 0.00 1.74 0.47 21 95 2
Spices Ceylan cinnamon Graph 0.78 mg/100 g FW 0.78 0.78 0.00 1 1 1
Cloves Graph 0.79 mg/100 g FW 0.79 0.79 0.00 1 1 1
Nutmeg Graph 8.00e-03 mg/100 g FW 8.00e-03 8.00e-03 0.00 1 1 1
Nutmeg [Mace] Graph 0.16 mg/100 g FW 0.16 0.16 0.00 1 1 1
Seeds
Nuts Walnut, dehulled Graph 33.83 mg/100 g FW 16.57 57.45 13.96 10 10 1
Vegetables
Cabbages Cauliflower, raw Graph 1.13 mg/100 g FW 1.12 1.15 0.02 2 2 1
Fruit vegetables Olive [Black], raw Graph 33.10 mg/100 g FW 0.00 74.40 32.13 5 5 2
Olive [Green], raw Graph 6.00 mg/100 g FW 0.00 12.00 8.49 2 2 1
mean content min max SD n N number of references
 
Phenolic acids - Hydroxybenzoic acids - Syringic acid
Alcoholic beverages
Beers Beer [Regular] Graph 0.03 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.04 0.02 3 3 1
Wines - Grape wines Wine [Rosé] Graph 0.58 mg/100 ml 0.58 0.58 0.00 1 4 1
Cereals and cereal products
Cereal products Bread, rye, whole grain flour Graph 1.90 mg/100 g FW 1.90 1.90 0.00 1 4 1
Cereals Common wheat, refined flour Graph 0.37 mg/100 g FW 0.37 0.37 0.00 1 1 1
Hard wheat, whole grain flour Graph 1.32 mg/100 g FW 1.16 1.60 0.15 6 6 1
Maize, refined flour Graph 0.98 mg/100 g FW 0.98 0.98 0.00 1 1 1
Maize, whole grain Graph 1.53 mg/100 g FW 1.06 2.10 0.39 12 12 1
Oat, refined flour Graph 0.47 mg/100 g FW 0.47 0.47 0.00 1 1 1
Rice, refined Graph 1.00e-02 mg/100 g FW 1.00e-02 1.00e-02 0.00 1 1 1
Rye, whole grain flour Graph 2.34 mg/100 g FW 2.34 2.34 0.00 1 1 1
Coffee and cocoa
Cocoa - Cocoa powders Cocoa, powder Graph 4.10 mg/100 g FW 4.10 4.10 0.00 1 1 1
Fruits and fruit products
Dried fruits - Dried other fruits Date, dried Graph 1.93 mg/100 g FW 0.00 3.22 1.70 3 3 1
Fruits - Other fruits Date, fresh Graph 0.62 mg/100 g FW 0.00 1.70 0.94 3 3 1
Seasonings
Herbs Common thyme, dried Graph 5.00 mg/100 g FW 5.00 5.00 0.00 1 1 1
Hyssop, dried Graph 3.00 mg/100 g FW 3.00 3.00 0.00 1 1 1
Rosemary, dried Graph 2.00 mg/100 g FW 2.00 2.00 0.00 1 1 1
Seeds
Pulses - Peas Chickpea, dehulled, raw Graph 5.20 mg/100 g FW 5.20 5.20 0.00 1 1 1
Dried pea, dehulled, raw Graph 1.20 mg/100 g FW 1.20 1.20 0.00 1 1 1
Pigeon pea, dehulled, raw Graph 1.80 mg/100 g FW 1.80 1.80 0.00 1 1 1
Soy and soy products Soy, defatted flour Graph 28.80 mg/100 g FW 28.80 28.80 0.00 1 1 1
Vegetables
Fruit vegetables Olive [Black], raw Graph 24.00 mg/100 g FW 0.00 48.00 33.94 2 2 1
Olive [Green], raw Graph 7.50 mg/100 g FW 0.00 15.00 10.61 2 2 1
Leaf vegetables Swiss chard leaves [Red], raw Graph 44.90 mg/100 g FW 44.90 44.90 0.00 1 1 1
Swiss chard leaves [White], raw Graph 45.10 mg/100 g FW 45.10 45.10 0.00 1 1 1
Root vegetables Carrot, raw Graph 1.00e-02 mg/100 g FW 1.00e-02 1.00e-02 0.00 1 4 1
Stalk vegetables Swiss chard stems [Red], raw Graph 7.50 mg/100 g FW 7.50 7.50 0.00 1 1 1
Swiss chard stems [White], raw Graph 1.50 mg/100 g FW 1.50 1.50 0.00 1 1 1