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mean content min max SD n N number of references
 
Phenolic acids - Hydroxybenzoic acids - 4-Hydroxybenzoic acid
Alcoholic beverages
Beers Beer [Alcohol free] Graph 7.30e-03 mg/100 ml 7.30e-03 7.30e-03 0.00 1 1 1
Beer [Ale] Graph 0.11 mg/100 ml 0.03 0.18 0.08 3 3 1
Beer [Dark] Graph 0.07 mg/100 ml 0.07 0.07 0.00 1 1 1
Beer [Regular] Graph 0.96 mg/100 ml 0.00 1.68 0.41 20 42 6
Wines - Fortified Wines Sherry Graph 0.03 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.09 0.03 17 17 1
Wines - Grape wines Wine [Red] Graph 0.55 mg/100 ml 0.00 2.18 0.77 23 34 5
Wine [Rosé] Graph 0.06 mg/100 ml 0.06 0.07 7.07e-03 2 5 2
Wine [White] Graph 0.02 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.04 0.01 5 5 2
Wines - Sparkling wines Champagne Graph 8.00e-03 mg/100 ml 5.00e-03 1.00e-02 2.45e-03 4 4 1
Cereals and cereal products
Cereals Maize, refined flour Graph 0.02 mg/100 g FW 0.02 0.02 0.00 1 1 1
Oat, refined flour Graph 0.06 mg/100 g FW 0.06 0.06 0.00 1 1 1
Oat, whole grain flour Graph 0.45 mg/100 g FW 0.20 0.70 0.35 2 2 1
Rice, parboiled Graph 0.08 mg/100 g FW 0.06 0.11 0.04 2 2 1
Rice, refined Graph 0.17 mg/100 g FW 0.17 0.17 0.00 1 1 1
Rice, whole grain Graph 0.07 mg/100 g FW 0.04 0.11 0.05 2 2 1
Fruits and fruit products
Fruits - Berries American cranberry Graph 0.42 mg/100 g FW 0.42 0.42 0.00 1 1 1
Fruits - Citrus Grapefruit Graph 5.00e-03 mg/100 g FW 5.00e-03 5.00e-03 0.00 1 1 1
Fruits - Other fruits Date, fresh Graph 0.16 mg/100 g FW 0.00 0.49 0.28 3 3 1
Fruits - Tropical fruits Loquat Graph 4.66 mg/100 g FW 2.24 8.15 2.38 7 7 1
Oils
Oils - Fruit vegetable oils Olive, oil, extra virgin Graph 3.13e-03 mg/100 g FW 0.00 1.00e-02 4.19e-03 8 8 1
Olive, oil, virgin Graph 0.04 mg/100 g FW 6.01e-04 0.12 0.04 16 16 3
Oils - Other seed oils Soy, oil Graph 8.00e-04 mg/100 g FW 8.00e-04 8.00e-04 0.00 1 1 1
Seasonings
Other seasonings Vinegar Graph 0.20 mg/100 ml 0.00 3.34 0.69 27 187 3
Seeds
Nuts Almond Graph 4.10e-03 mg/100 g FW 2.70e-03 6.50e-03 1.36e-03 8 8 1
Pulses - Lentils Lentils, dehulled, raw Graph 0.11 mg/100 g FW 0.09 0.14 0.02 4 4 1
Lentils, whole, raw Graph 0.32 mg/100 g FW 0.32 0.32 0.00 1 1 1
Vegetables
Fruit vegetables Eggplant [Purple], whole, raw Graph 0.09 mg/100 g FW 0.06 0.14 0.04 3 3 1
Olive [Black], raw Graph 1.69 mg/100 g FW 0.40 7.00 2.04 9 9 3
Olive [Green], raw Graph 4.97 mg/100 g FW 0.00 14.00 7.84 3 3 2
Root vegetables Carrot, raw Graph 0.05 mg/100 g FW 0.05 0.05 0.00 1 4 1
mean content min max SD n N number of references
 
Phenolic acids - Hydroxybenzoic acids - 4-Hydroxybenzoic acid
Alcoholic beverages
Wines - Grape wines Wine [Rosé] Graph 0.12 mg/100 ml 0.12 0.12 0.00 1 4 1
Cereals and cereal products
Cereal products Bread, rye, whole grain flour Graph 0.85 mg/100 g FW 0.85 0.85 0.00 1 4 1
Cereals Maize, refined flour Graph 0.11 mg/100 g FW 0.11 0.11 0.00 1 1 1
Maize, whole grain Graph 0.36 mg/100 g FW 0.00 0.91 0.34 12 12 1
Oat, refined flour Graph 0.12 mg/100 g FW 0.12 0.12 0.00 1 1 1
Rice, refined Graph 0.45 mg/100 g FW 0.45 0.45 0.00 1 1 1
Rye, refined flour Graph 0.08 mg/100 g FW 0.08 0.08 0.00 2 2 1
Fruits and fruit products
Fruits - Berries American cranberry Graph 2.16 mg/100 g FW 2.16 2.16 0.00 1 1 1
Black huckleberry Graph 0.15 mg/100 g FW 0.10 0.18 0.05 3 3 1
Bog bilberry, raw Graph 0.89 mg/100 g FW 0.74 1.05 0.22 2 2 1
Cascade huckleberry Graph 0.69 mg/100 g FW 0.59 0.80 0.15 2 2 1
European cranberry Graph 0.78 mg/100 g FW 0.67 0.89 0.16 2 2 1
Evergreen huckleberry Graph 1.21 mg/100 g FW 1.16 1.27 0.08 2 2 1
Oval-leaf huckleberry Graph 0.16 mg/100 g FW 0.10 0.28 0.10 3 3 1
Rabbiteye blueberry Graph 8.64 mg/100 g FW 0.00 103.67 29.93 12 36 1
Red huckleberry Graph 55.30 mg/100 g FW 40.70 68.70 14.04 3 3 1
Red raspberry, raw Graph 2.60 mg/100 g FW 2.60 2.60 0.00 1 8 1
Strawberry, raw Graph 7.50 mg/100 g FW 7.50 7.50 0.00 1 4 1
Fruits - Citrus Grapefruit Graph 0.21 mg/100 g FW 0.21 0.21 0.00 1 1 1
Fruits - Other fruits Date, fresh Graph 0.16 mg/100 g FW 0.00 0.49 0.28 3 3 1
Non-alcoholic beverages
Coffee beverage - Unknown Coffee beverages Coffee beverage [Filter] Graph 0.08 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.15 0.11 2 2 2
Seasonings
Herbs Common sage, dried Graph 1.20 mg/100 g FW 1.20 1.20 0.00 1 1 1
Common thyme, dried Graph 1.40 mg/100 g FW 1.40 1.40 0.00 1 1 1
German camomile, dried Graph 2.00 mg/100 g FW 2.00 2.00 0.00 1 1 1
Hyssop, dried Graph 1.20 mg/100 g FW 1.20 1.20 0.00 1 1 1
Lemon balm, dried Graph 2.30 mg/100 g FW 2.30 2.30 0.00 1 1 1
Marjoram, dried Graph 1.20 mg/100 g FW 1.20 1.20 0.00 1 1 1
Parsley, dried Graph 1.30 mg/100 g FW 1.30 1.30 0.00 1 1 1
Rosemary, dried Graph 1.40 mg/100 g FW 1.40 1.40 0.00 1 1 1
Sweet basil, dried Graph 1.30 mg/100 g FW 1.30 1.30 0.00 1 1 1
Vegetables
Fruit vegetables Eggplant [Purple], whole, raw Graph 0.09 mg/100 g FW 0.06 0.14 0.04 3 3 1
Olive [Black], raw Graph 8.50 mg/100 g FW 7.00 10.00 2.12 2 2 1
Olive [Green], raw Graph 7.00 mg/100 g FW 0.00 14.00 9.90 2 2 1
Tomato, whole, raw Graph 0.05 mg/100 g FW 0.05 0.05 0.00 1 7 1
Leaf vegetables Swiss chard leaves [Red], raw Graph 4.70 mg/100 g FW 4.70 4.70 0.00 1 1 1
Swiss chard leaves [White], raw Graph 1.90 mg/100 g FW 1.90 1.90 0.00 1 1 1
Root vegetables Carrot, raw Graph 5.50 mg/100 g FW 5.50 5.50 0.00 1 4 1
Stalk vegetables Swiss chard stems [Red], raw Graph 3.90 mg/100 g FW 3.90 3.90 0.00 1 1 1
Swiss chard stems [White], raw Graph 2.40 mg/100 g FW 2.40 2.40 0.00 1 1 1