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mean content min max SD n N number of references
 
Alcoholic beverages - Beers - Beer [Regular]
Flavonoids
Chalcones Xanthohumol Graph 1.41e-03 mg/100 ml 0.00 3.40e-03 1.27e-03 7 7 1
Flavanols (+)-Catechin Graph 0.11 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.55 0.14 26 26 11
(-)-Epicatechin Graph 0.06 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.13 0.04 21 21 9
Procyanidin dimer B3 Graph 0.16 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.36 0.13 8 8 5
Procyanidin trimer C2 Graph 0.03 mg/100 ml 0.03 0.03 0.00 1 1 1
Prodelphinidin dimer B3 Graph 0.18 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.45 0.14 8 8 5
Prodelphinidin trimer C-GC-C Graph 0.02 mg/100 ml 0.02 0.02 0.00 1 1 1
Prodelphinidin trimer GC-C-C Graph 1.00e-02 mg/100 ml 1.00e-02 1.00e-02 0.00 1 1 1
Prodelphinidin trimer GC-GC-C Graph 0.04 mg/100 ml 0.04 0.04 0.00 1 1 1
Flavanones 6-Geranylnaringenin Graph 4.29e-04 mg/100 ml 0.00 1.10e-03 4.15e-04 7 7 1
6-Prenylnaringenin Graph 2.59e-03 mg/100 ml 0.00 5.50e-03 2.00e-03 7 7 1
8-Prenylnaringenin Graph 1.04e-03 mg/100 ml 0.00 2.10e-03 7.37e-04 8 8 2
Isoxanthohumol Graph 0.04 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.10 0.03 7 7 1
Naringin Graph 7.50e-04 mg/100 ml 0.00 9.00e-03 2.60e-03 12 12 1
Flavones Apigenin Graph 4.17e-03 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.05 0.01 12 12 1
Flavonols 3,7-Dimethylquercetin Graph 2.50e-04 mg/100 ml 0.00 2.00e-03 6.22e-04 12 12 1
Myricetin Graph 6.67e-04 mg/100 ml 0.00 8.00e-03 2.31e-03 12 12 1
Quercetin Graph 6.67e-03 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.04 0.02 12 12 1
Quercetin 3-O-arabinoside Graph 5.83e-04 mg/100 ml 0.00 4.00e-03 1.38e-03 12 12 1
Quercetin 3-O-rutinoside Graph 0.09 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.49 0.12 15 15 3
Isoflavonoids Biochanin A Graph 1.50e-03 mg/100 ml 0.00 1.00e-02 3.53e-03 12 12 1
Phenolic acids
Hydroxybenzoic acids 2,6-Dihydroxybenzoic acid Graph 0.09 mg/100 ml 3.90e-03 0.25 0.12 3 25 2
2-Hydroxybenzoic acid Graph 0.20 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.66 0.18 16 38 3
3,5-Dihydroxybenzoic acid Graph 0.03 mg/100 ml 1.20e-03 0.03 0.01 4 26 2
3-Hydroxybenzoic acid Graph 0.03 mg/100 ml 4.50e-03 0.03 0.01 4 26 2
4-Hydroxybenzoic acid Graph 0.96 mg/100 ml 0.00 1.68 0.41 20 42 6
Gallic acid Graph 0.07 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.70 0.17 25 47 6
Gallic acid 3-O-gallate Graph 0.26 mg/100 ml 0.18 0.37 0.07 6 6 1
Gentisic acid Graph 0.03 mg/100 ml 0.03 0.03 0.00 2 24 1
Protocatechuic acid Graph 0.05 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.08 0.02 22 44 6
Syringic acid Graph 0.02 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.09 0.02 23 45 7
Vanillic acid Graph 0.07 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.22 0.05 24 46 8
Hydroxycinnamic acids 4-Caffeoylquinic acid Graph 0.01 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.02 0.01 3 3 1
5-Caffeoylquinic acid Graph 0.08 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.25 0.08 18 40 4
Caffeic acid Graph 0.03 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.05 0.01 24 46 8
Ferulic acid Graph 0.26 mg/100 ml 1.00e-02 1.41 0.28 51 73 13
m-Coumaric acid Graph 0.02 mg/100 ml 7.10e-03 0.03 0.01 4 26 2
o-Coumaric acid Graph 0.15 mg/100 ml 1.00e-02 0.17 0.08 4 26 2
p-Coumaric acid Graph 0.10 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.22 0.07 25 47 9
Sinapic acid Graph 0.02 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.13 0.03 23 45 8
Hydroxyphenylacetic acids 4-Hydroxyphenylacetic acid Graph 0.03 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.14 0.04 17 17 3
Homovanillic acid Graph 0.05 mg/100 ml 2.40e-03 0.05 0.02 4 26 2
Other polyphenols
Alkylmethoxyphenols 4-Vinylguaiacol Graph 0.15 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.41 0.14 13 13 3
Alkylphenols 3-Methylcatechol Graph 1.00e-04 mg/100 ml 1.00e-04 1.00e-04 0.00 1 1 1
4-Ethylcatechol Graph 6.00e-04 mg/100 ml 6.00e-04 6.00e-04 0.00 1 1 1
4-Vinylphenol Graph 4.53e-03 mg/100 ml 4.53e-03 4.53e-03 0.00 1 1 1
Hydroxybenzaldehydes Vanillin Graph 0.02 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.05 0.02 15 15 3
Hydroxybenzoketones 2,3-Dihydroxy-1-guaiacylpropanone Graph 3.40e-03 mg/100 ml 3.40e-03 3.40e-03 0.00 1 1 1
Hydroxycoumarins 4-Hydroxycoumarin Graph 0.11 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.89 0.28 12 12 1
Esculin Graph 0.02 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.19 0.05 12 12 1
Umbelliferone Graph 1.67e-03 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.02 5.77e-03 12 12 1
Tyrosols Tyrosol Graph 0.32 mg/100 ml 0.18 1.18 0.55 3 25 2
Other polyphenols Catechol Graph 1.10e-03 mg/100 ml 1.10e-03 1.10e-03 0.00 1 1 1
Pyrogallol Graph 4.70e-03 mg/100 ml 4.70e-03 4.70e-03 0.00 1 1 1
mean content min max SD n N number of references
 
Alcoholic beverages - Beers - Beer [Regular]
Phenolic acids
Hydroxybenzoic acids Gallic acid Graph 0.57 mg/100 ml 0.27 0.88 0.26 6 6 1
Syringic acid Graph 0.03 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.04 0.02 3 3 1
Vanillic acid Graph 0.14 mg/100 ml 0.11 0.21 0.06 3 3 1
Hydroxycinnamic acids Caffeic acid Graph 0.11 mg/100 ml 0.10 0.12 1.00e-02 3 3 1
Ferulic acid Graph 0.83 mg/100 ml 0.43 1.67 0.44 14 14 3
p-Coumaric acid Graph 0.13 mg/100 ml 0.09 0.19 0.05 4 4 2
Sinapic acid Graph 0.42 mg/100 ml 0.27 0.61 0.16 4 4 2
Hydroxyphenylacetic acids 4-Hydroxyphenylacetic acid Graph 0.06 mg/100 ml 0.04 0.08 0.02 3 3 1
Lignans
Lignans Matairesinol Graph 2.50e-04 mg/100 g FW 0.00 5.00e-04 3.54e-04 2 6 1
Secoisolariciresinol Graph 0.03 mg/100 g FW 5.00e-04 0.05 0.04 2 6 1
mean content min max SD n N number of references
 
Alcoholic beverages - Beers - Beer [Regular]
Polyphenols, total
Polyphenols, total Polyphenols, total Graph 27.83 mg/100 ml 3.60 48.90 13.31 64 86 11