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mean content min max SD n N number of references
 
Phenolic acids - Hydroxycinnamic acids - p-Coumaric acid
Alcoholic beverages
Beers Beer [Alcohol free] Graph 0.04 mg/100 ml 1.00e-02 0.07 0.02 10 10 2
Beer [Ale] Graph 0.12 mg/100 ml 0.09 0.19 0.05 4 4 2
Beer [Dark] Graph 0.05 mg/100 ml 0.02 0.07 0.03 3 3 3
Beer [Regular] Graph 0.10 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.22 0.07 25 47 9
Liquors - Nut liquors Walnut, liquor Graph 0.26 mg/100 ml 0.19 0.33 0.06 4 4 1
Wines - Fortified Wines Sherry Graph 0.02 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.11 0.03 18 18 2
Wines - Grape wines Wine [Red] Graph 0.55 mg/100 ml 0.00 4.00 0.54 136 1095 16
Wine [Rosé] Graph 0.13 mg/100 ml 0.10 0.27 0.12 2 5 2
Wine [White] Graph 0.15 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.49 0.14 16 99 7
Wines - Sparkling wines Champagne Graph 0.04 mg/100 ml 1.00e-02 0.06 0.02 4 4 1
Cereals and cereal products
Cereals Common wheat, whole grain flour Graph 0.03 mg/100 g FW 0.00 0.06 0.04 2 2 1
Maize, refined flour Graph 0.33 mg/100 g FW 0.13 0.53 0.28 2 2 2
Oat, refined flour Graph 0.06 mg/100 g FW 0.06 0.06 0.00 1 1 1
Oat, whole grain flour Graph 0.16 mg/100 g FW 0.07 0.28 0.09 5 9 3
Rice, parboiled Graph 0.19 mg/100 g FW 0.12 0.26 0.10 2 2 1
Rice, refined Graph 0.11 mg/100 g FW 0.11 0.11 0.00 1 1 1
Rice, whole grain Graph 0.02 mg/100 g FW 0.02 0.02 0.00 2 2 1
Rye, whole grain flour Graph 0.23 mg/100 g FW 0.08 0.30 0.13 3 3 2
Fruits and fruit products
Dried fruits - Dried drupes Plum, prune Graph 1.11 mg/100 g FW 0.00 2.90 1.16 6 37 2
Dried fruits - Dried other fruits Date, dried Graph 5.77 mg/100 g FW 1.41 14.19 7.29 3 3 1
Fruits - Berries American cranberry Graph 1.08 mg/100 g FW 0.00 2.16 1.53 2 2 2
Bilberry, raw Graph 0.60 mg/100 g FW 0.60 0.60 0.00 1 1 1
Cloudberry Graph 4.30 mg/100 g FW 4.30 4.30 0.00 1 1 1
European cranberry Graph 2.02 mg/100 g FW 2.02 2.02 0.00 1 1 1
Lingonberry, raw Graph 3.93 mg/100 g FW 1.71 6.16 3.15 2 2 2
Red raspberry, raw Graph 2.30e-04 mg/100 g FW 0.00 1.15e-03 4.69e-04 6 15 4
Redcurrant, raw Graph 0.18 mg/100 g FW 0.18 0.18 0.00 1 1 1
Strawberry, raw Graph 0.21 mg/100 g FW 0.00 1.24 0.72 3 6 3
Fruits - Citrus Grapefruit Graph 4.00e-03 mg/100 g FW 4.00e-03 4.00e-03 0.00 1 1 1
Fruits - Other fruits Date, fresh Graph 2.89 mg/100 g FW 0.49 6.25 3.00 3 3 1
Fruits - Pomes Apple [Dessert], whole, raw Graph 0.27 mg/100 g FW 0.00 0.70 0.21 14 51 4
Pear, peeled Graph 0.18 mg/100 g FW 0.00 0.50 0.21 5 30 1
Non-alcoholic beverages
Fruit juices - Berry juices Grape [Green], pure juice Graph 0.02 mg/100 ml 0.02 0.02 0.00 1 18 1
Fruit juices - Pome juices Apple [Cider], juice from concentrate Graph 0.11 mg/100 ml 9.00e-03 0.23 0.10 6 6 1
Apple [Cider], pure juice Graph 0.93 mg/100 ml 0.08 2.97 1.14 8 8 2
Apple [Dessert], juice from concentrate Graph 0.06 mg/100 ml 1.00e-02 0.10 0.04 4 4 1
Apple [Dessert], pure juice Graph 0.19 mg/100 ml 0.00 2.79 0.82 11 32 4
Pear, pure juice Graph 0.08 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.30 0.10 7 7 1
Fruit juices - Tropical fruit juices Kiwi, juice from concentrate Graph 6.00e-03 mg/100 ml 6.00e-03 6.00e-03 0.00 1 1 1
Kiwi, pure juice Graph 9.00e-03 mg/100 ml 1.00e-03 0.02 9.85e-03 3 3 1
Pomegranate, pure juice Graph 5.38e-03 mg/100 ml 0.00 0.02 5.98e-03 13 13 1
Oils
Oils - Fruit vegetable oils Olive, oil, extra virgin Graph 0.09 mg/100 g FW 1.00e-02 0.36 0.10 16 16 3
Olive, oil, virgin Graph 0.02 mg/100 g FW 0.00 0.26 0.08 35 178 9
Oils - Other seed oils Soy, oil Graph 1.50e-03 mg/100 g FW 1.50e-03 1.50e-03 0.00 1 1 1
Seasonings
Herbs Common sage, dried Graph 4.95 mg/100 g FW 0.00 9.90 7.00 2 2 2
Common thyme, dried Graph 4.95 mg/100 g FW 0.00 9.90 7.00 2 2 2
Marjoram, dried Graph 2.40 mg/100 g FW 2.40 2.40 0.00 1 1 1
Oregano, dried (wild marjoram) Graph 5.75 mg/100 g FW 0.00 11.50 8.13 2 2 2
Rosemary, dried Graph 3.67 mg/100 g FW 0.00 11.00 6.35 3 3 3
Other seasonings Vinegar Graph 0.29 mg/100 ml 0.00 2.24 0.45 27 187 3
Spices Cardamom Graph 1.00e-02 mg/100 g FW 1.00e-02 1.00e-02 0.00 1 1 1
Ceylan cinnamon Graph 0.55 mg/100 g FW 0.00 1.10 0.78 2 2 2
Cloves Graph 8.49 mg/100 g FW 0.00 16.98 12.01 2 2 2
Nutmeg Graph 0.01 mg/100 g FW 0.00 0.03 0.02 2 2 2
Nutmeg [Mace] Graph 0.14 mg/100 g FW 0.14 0.14 0.00 1 1 1
Seeds
Nuts Peanut, dehulled Graph 2.53 mg/100 g FW 0.83 6.59 1.84 12 12 1
Peanut, dehulled, roasted Graph 6.46 mg/100 g FW 1.95 11.70 2.19 40 40 2
Walnut, dehulled Graph 0.14 mg/100 g FW 0.05 0.29 0.07 10 10 1
Pulses - Lentils Lentils, dehulled, raw Graph 0.36 mg/100 g FW 0.26 0.50 0.10 4 4 1
Lentils, whole, raw Graph 0.64 mg/100 g FW 0.64 0.64 0.00 1 1 1
Soy and soy products Soybean, sprout, raw Graph 0.05 mg/100 g FW 0.05 0.05 0.00 1 1 1
Vegetables
Fruit vegetables Eggplant [Purple], whole, raw Graph 0.08 mg/100 g FW 0.05 0.14 0.05 3 3 1
Olive [Black], raw Graph 1.43 mg/100 g FW 0.10 4.00 1.19 9 9 3
Olive [Green], raw Graph 5.90 mg/100 g FW 0.00 17.00 9.62 3 3 2
Tomato, whole, raw Graph 0.13 mg/100 g FW 0.00 0.57 0.20 10 16 2
mean content min max SD n N number of references
 
Phenolic acids - Hydroxycinnamic acids - p-Coumaric acid
Alcoholic beverages
Beers Beer [Regular] Graph 0.13 mg/100 ml 0.09 0.19 0.05 4 4 2
Wines - Grape wines Wine [Red] Graph 3.02 mg/100 ml 0.81 11.03 2.49 16 16 1
Wine [Rosé] Graph 0.76 mg/100 ml 0.76 0.76 0.00 1 4 1
Cereals and cereal products
Cereal products Bread, rye, whole grain flour Graph 3.20 mg/100 g FW 3.20 3.20 0.00 1 4 1
Cereals Buckwheat, refined flour Graph 1.72 mg/100 g FW 1.72 1.72 0.00 2 2 1
Common wheat, germ Graph 0.96 mg/100 g FW 0.17 1.74 0.91 4 4 1
Hard wheat, whole grain flour Graph 3.10 mg/100 g FW 2.39 3.72 0.47 6 6 1
Maize, refined flour Graph 3.51 mg/100 g FW 1.62 5.41 2.68 2 2 2
Maize, whole grain Graph 12.83 mg/100 g FW 8.41 18.14 3.40 12 12 1
Oat, refined flour Graph 0.18 mg/100 g FW 0.18 0.18 0.00 1 1 1
Rice, refined Graph 0.11 mg/100 g FW 0.11 0.11 0.00 1 1 1
Rye, refined flour Graph 0.33 mg/100 g FW 0.00 0.99 0.40 5 5 2
Rye, whole grain flour Graph 4.05 mg/100 g FW 1.89 5.85 0.88 20 20 4
Fruits and fruit products
Dried fruits - Dried other fruits Date, dried Graph 5.77 mg/100 g FW 1.41 14.19 7.29 3 3 1
Fruits - Berries American cranberry Graph 25.38 mg/100 g FW 25.38 25.38 0.00 1 1 1
Bilberry, raw Graph 2.40 mg/100 g FW 2.40 2.40 0.00 1 1 1
Black huckleberry Graph 2.11 mg/100 g FW 2.00 2.29 0.16 3 3 1
Blackberry, raw Graph 1.24 mg/100 g FW 0.40 2.08 1.19 2 6 1
Bog bilberry, raw Graph 5.26 mg/100 g FW 0.00 8.39 4.58 3 3 2
Cascade huckleberry Graph 1.67 mg/100 g FW 0.43 2.90 1.75 2 2 1
European cranberry Graph 10.12 mg/100 g FW 9.75 10.50 0.53 2 2 1
Evergreen huckleberry Graph 3.24 mg/100 g FW 2.93 3.55 0.44 2 2 1
Half-highbush blueberry Graph 0.45 mg/100 g FW 0.30 0.52 0.13 3 3 1
Highbush blueberry, raw Graph 3.34 mg/100 g FW 0.00 7.15 2.69 13 23 3
Oval-leaf huckleberry Graph 2.39 mg/100 g FW 1.51 3.23 0.86 3 3 1
Rabbiteye blueberry Graph 4.55 mg/100 g FW 0.00 15.78 5.06 12 36 1
Red huckleberry Graph 9.72 mg/100 g FW 7.56 11.20 1.91 3 3 1
Red raspberry, raw Graph 1.17 mg/100 g FW 5.74e-03 1.60 1.13 2 11 2
Strawberry, raw Graph 1.98 mg/100 g FW 0.70 4.10 0.97 15 18 2
Fruits - Citrus Grapefruit Graph 0.77 mg/100 g FW 0.77 0.77 0.00 1 1 1
Fruits - Drupes Plum, fresh Graph 0.91 mg/100 g FW 0.85 0.97 0.05 4 12 1
Fruits - Other fruits Date, fresh Graph 2.89 mg/100 g FW 0.49 6.25 3.00 3 3 1
Fruits - Pomes Apple [Dessert], whole, raw Graph 0.50 mg/100 g FW 0.50 0.50 0.00 1 5 1
Non-alcoholic beverages
Coffee beverage - Unknown Coffee beverages Coffee beverage [Filter] Graph 1.36 mg/100 ml 1.27 1.40 0.06 4 4 4
Fruit juices - Citrus juices Orange [Blond], juice from concentrate Graph 1.59 mg/100 ml 1.55 1.63 0.06 2 2 1
Orange [Blond], pure juice Graph 1.52 mg/100 ml 0.74 2.89 0.75 11 41 2
Orange [Blood], juice from concentrate Graph 2.01 mg/100 ml 1.41 2.27 0.40 4 4 1
Orange [Blood], pure juice Graph 2.92 mg/100 ml 1.24 4.46 0.84 17 52 2
Seasonings
Herbs Common thyme, dried Graph 1.20 mg/100 g FW 1.20 1.20 0.00 1 1 1
Fennel, fresh leaves Graph 3.65 mg/100 g FW 3.65 3.65 0.00 1 1 1
Parsley, dried Graph 0.40 mg/100 g FW 0.40 0.40 0.00 1 1 1
Silver linden, dried Graph 1.20 mg/100 g FW 1.20 1.20 0.00 1 1 1
Seeds
Pulses - Beans - Common bean Common bean [Black], whole, raw Graph 9.47 mg/100 g FW 7.00 11.60 2.32 3 3 1
Common bean [Others], whole, raw Graph 3.81 mg/100 g FW 0.00 7.00 2.60 14 14 1
Common bean [White], dehulled, raw Graph 1.30 mg/100 g FW 1.30 1.30 0.00 1 1 1
Common bean [White], whole, raw Graph 12.40 mg/100 g FW 12.40 12.40 0.00 1 1 1
Pulses - Beans - Other beans Broad bean seed, dehulled, raw Graph 1.60 mg/100 g FW 1.60 1.60 0.00 1 1 1
Lima bean, dehulled, raw Graph 4.90 mg/100 g FW 4.90 4.90 0.00 1 1 1
Mung bean, dehulled, raw Graph 1.80 mg/100 g FW 1.80 1.80 0.00 1 1 1
Pulses - Peas Cowpea, dehulled, raw Graph 7.40 mg/100 g FW 7.40 7.40 0.00 1 1 1
Soy and soy products Soy, defatted flour Graph 9.40 mg/100 g FW 9.40 9.40 0.00 1 1 1
Vegetables
Fruit vegetables Eggplant [Purple], whole, raw Graph 0.08 mg/100 g FW 0.05 0.14 0.05 3 3 1
Olive [Black], raw Graph 13.00 mg/100 g FW 12.00 14.00 1.41 2 2 1
Olive [Green], raw Graph 10.50 mg/100 g FW 3.00 18.00 10.61 2 2 1
Tomato [Cherry], whole, raw Graph 0.57 mg/100 g FW 0.36 0.79 0.16 6 6 1
Tomato, whole, raw Graph 0.95 mg/100 g FW 0.95 0.95 0.00 1 7 1
Leaf vegetables Swiss chard leaves [Red], raw Graph 10.40 mg/100 g FW 10.40 10.40 0.00 1 1 1
Swiss chard leaves [White], raw Graph 8.00 mg/100 g FW 8.00 8.00 0.00 1 1 1
Root vegetables Carrot, raw Graph 0.14 mg/100 g FW 0.14 0.14 0.00 1 4 1
Stalk vegetables Swiss chard stems [Red], raw Graph 4.40 mg/100 g FW 4.40 4.40 0.00 1 1 1
Swiss chard stems [White], raw Graph 3.70 mg/100 g FW 3.70 3.70 0.00 1 1 1